注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

深圳英语家教

深圳潜龙家教 www.szqljj.com

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

我来自山清水秀,人杰地灵的湖南,从事英语家教教学,追求卓越人生,真情待人,热心助人,欢迎八方来客光临!

网易考拉推荐

初中英语被动语态复习  

2010-01-12 10:36:47|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

初中英语被动语态复习

一、语态概述

英语的语态是通过动词形式的变化表现出来的。英语中有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态。

主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者。

例如:Many people speak Chinese.

谓语:speak的动作是由主语many people来执行的。

被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者,即行为动作的对象。例如:Chinese is spoken by many people.主语Chinese是动词speak的承受者。

二、被动语态的构成

被动语态由"助动词be+及物动词的过去分词"构成。人称、数和时态的变化是通过be的变化表现出来的。现以speak为例说明被动语态在各种时态中的构成。

一般现在时:am/is/are+spoken

一般过去时:was/were+spoken

一般将来时:will/shall be+spoken

过去将来时:would/should be+spoken

现在进行时:am/is/are being+spoken

过去进行时:was/were being+spoken

现在完成时:have/has been+spoken

过去完成时:had been + spoken

三、被动语态的用法

 (1)不知道或没有必要说明动作的执行者是谁。

例如:Some new computers were stolen last night. 一些新电脑在昨晚被盗了。(不知道电脑是谁偷的) 

This bridge was founded in 1981.这座桥竣工于1981年。

 (2)强调动作的承受者,而不强调动作的执行者。

  例如:The glass was broken by Mike.玻璃杯是迈克打破的。

  This book was written by him.这本书是他写的。

 Your homework must be finished on time.你们的家庭作业必须及时完成。

四、主动语态变被动语态的方法

 (1)把主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语。

 (2)把谓语变成被动结构(be+过去分词) (根据被动语态句子里的主语的人称和数,以及原来主动语态句子中动词的时态来决定be的形式)。

 (3)把主动语态中的主语放在介词by之后作宾语,将主格改为宾格。例如:

All the people laughed at him.

He was laughed at by all people.

They make the bikes in the factory.

The bikes are made by them in the factory.

He cut down a tree.

A tree was cut down by him.

五、含有情态动词的被动语态

含有情态动词的主动句变成被动句时,由"情态动词+be+过去分词"构成,原来带to的情态动词变成被动语态后"to"仍要保留。

We can repair this watch in two days.

This watch can be repaired in two days.

They should do it at once.

It should be done at once.

六、特殊情况

1.He made the boy work for two hours yesterday.

The boy was made to work by him for two hours yesterday.

2.Mother never lets me watch TV .

I am never let to watch TV by mother.

3.Jack gave Peter a Christmas present just now.

(1)A Christmas present was given to Peter by Jack just now.

(2)Peter was given a Christmas present by Jack just now.  

七、巩固练习题

1、
(  ) 1 The People's Republic of China ___ on October 1, 1949.
     A. found B. was founded C. is founded D. was found
(  ) 2 English ____ in Canada. A. speaks B. are spoken C. is speaking D. is spoken
(  )3 This English song___ by the girls after class.
   A. often sings B. often sang  C. is often sang D. is often sung
(  ) 4 This kind of car ___ in Japan.  A, makes B. made C. is making D. is made
(  ) 5 New computers ___ all over the world. A. is used B. are using C. are used D. have used
2
(  ) 1 Our room must ___ clean.  A. keep B. be kept C. to be kept D. to keep
(  ) 2 -I'd like to buy that coat.
      -I'm sorry. ___.  A. it sold B. it's selling C. It's been sold D. it had been sold
(   ) 3 A new house ___ at the corner of the road.
     A. is building B. is being built C. been built D. be building
(  ) 4 The key ___ on the table when I leave.  A. was left B. will be left C. is left D. has been left
(  ) 5 Doctors ___ in every part of the world.A. need B. are needing C. are needed D. will need
(  ) 6 His new book___ next month.
     A. will be published B. is publishing C. is being published D. has been published
3
(  ) 1 Japanese ___ in every country.
    A. is not spoken B. are spoken C. is speaking D. is not speaking
(   ) 2 These papers___yet.
     A. have not written B. have not been written C. has not written D. has not been written
(  ) 3 The sports meet ___ be held until next week.  A. didn't B. won't C. isn't D. doesn't
4
(  ) 1 -My shoes are worn out.
    A. Can't they be mended? B. Let me have a look at it
C. How much do they cost? D. Can't they mended?
(   ) 2 ___ the watch been repaired yet? I badly need it.  A. Does B. Has C. Is D. Are
(   ) 3 ___ these desks be needed?A. Will B. Are C. Has D. Do
5
(  ) 1 Why ___ to talk about it yesterday?
A. didn't a meeting hold B. wasn't a meeting held C. wasn't held a meeting D. a meeting wasn't held
(  ) 2 Who was the book___?  A. write B. wrote C. written D. written by
(  ) 3 Where ___ these boxes made?  A. was B. were C. is D. am
6
(  ) 1 The flowers___often.
  A. must be water B. must be watered C. must watered D. must water
(  ) 2 The books may___ for two weeks. A. be kept B. be borrowed C. keep D. borrow
(  ) 3 The broken bike____ here by Mr Smith.
   A. can mend B. can mended C. can be mend D. can be mended
7
(  ) 1 The old bridge in my hometown___ next month.
  A. is going to be rebuilt B. will rebuilt C. are going to be rebuiltD. are going to rebuilt
(  ) 2 The play ___ at the theatre next Sunday.
   A. is going to be shown B. will shownC. will show D. is shown
(   ) 3 The old stone bridge ___ next week.
    A. is going to be rebuilt B. will be rebuild C. are going to be rebuilt D. will rebuild
8
(  ) 1 Now these magazines___ in the library for a long time. A. have kept B. are keeping C. have been keeping D. have been kept
(  ) 2 The pot ___ for ___ hot water.
A. used; keeping B. was used; keeping C. is used; to keep D. are used; keep
(  ) 3 Tea ___ in the south of China. A. grows B. is grown C. were grown D. will grow
(  ) 4 The bridges___ two years ago. WO It's a Haidian top problem
   A. is built B. built C. were built D. was built
(  ) 5 Wet clothes are often ___ up near a fire in rainy weather.
  A. hang B. hanged C. hanging D. hung


9
(  ) 1 The river smells terrible. People must ___ dirty things into it.
   A. be stopped to throw B. be stopped from throwing  C. stop to throw D. stop from throwing
(  ) 2 The teapot ___ water.  A. is filled with B. filled of  C. fulling of D. filled
(  ) 3 Old people must be looked ^fter well and ___ politely.
    A. speak to B. spoken C. speak D. spoken to
(  ) 4 Old people must ___.
   A

. look after well B. be looked well after C. looked well after D. be looked after well
10

(  ) 1 Newly-born babies___in hospital.
  A. are taken good care B. are taken good care of C. take good care of D. take good care
(  ) 2 They were___ at the sudden noise. A. frightening B. frightened C. frighten D. frightens
(   ) 3 These walls___stone.
    A. are made of B. made of u C. are made into D. made into
11
(  ) 1 Jane ___ to sing us an American song last Saturday.
   A. called B. was asked C. told D. was said
(  ) 2 The papers ___ to them.  A. were shown B. show C. shown / D. have shown
(  ) 3 The coat___her sister. A. made to B. were made for C. was made for D. was made to
12
(  ) ? I ___ five minutes to decide whether I should go or not.
     A. gave B. was giving C. had given D. was given
(  ) 2 Good care____such things.
   A. should take of B. should be taken C. should be taking D. should be taken of
(  ) 3 She will____good care____.
   A. take; of B. be taken; of C. take; for you D. be taken; of you
13
(  ) 1 The teacher made him___ his homework.  A. to do B. do C. did D. done
(  ) 2 The boy___ streets without pay in the old days.
   A. was made to clean B. made clean  C. made to clean D. was made clean
(  ) 3 These children____dance. A. were seen to B. were seen for C. were seen D. saw


14
(  ) 1 Thesestones___well.  A. are fitted B. fit C. fits D. is fitted
(   ) 2 The bike ___ 500 yuan.  A. was cost B. costed C. cost D. is costed
(  ) 3 The important meeting ___ on a cold morning last year.
    A. was'had B. was held C. held D. had
15
(  ) 1 Great changes___ in the past ten years in China.
   A. took place B. have taken place C. were taking place D. had taken place
(  ) 2 You can't use the computer, it____.
   A. was broken down B. is wrong C. is bad D. has broken down
(  ) 3 Great changes___in our country during the past 20 years. A. have happened B. happened C. have been happened D. were happened
(  ) 4 The watch has often ___ down.A. sat B. lain C. broken D. fell
16
(   ) 1 Please pass me another cup. This one___.
    A. is broken B. is breaking C. broke D. broken
(  ) 2 The story books___ by the writer in the 1960s.
   A. are written B. were written  C. are writing D. were writing
(  ) 3 What time ___ the door ___ every day?
   A. does; closed B. does; close C. is; closed D. /; close
17
(   ) 1 Can he___himself?
  A. get dress B. get dressed C. gets dressed D. instead of
(  ) 2 He fell from his bike and ___.
   A. is hurt B. gets hurt C. got hurt D. hurt
(   ) 3 Lookout, please keep away from the fire, or your trousers will__
    A. burnt B. burn C. burning D. get burn
18
(   ) 1 The apple___very sweet. A. is tasted B. taste -C. tastes D. are tasting
(  ) 2 You___ more beautiful in the light blue shirt. A. see B. watch C. look D. look at
( ) 3 What you said ___. like a good idea. A. heard B. listened C. sound D. sounded
19
(  ) 1 -What do you think of the TV play? -Wonderful. It is worth___ a second time

   A. watching B. watched C. seen D. seeing
(  )2.How dirty the tables are! They need___. A. to clean B. clean C. cleaning D. cleaned
(  )3.The book is worth ___. A. seeing B. reading C. seen D. read

                                                                                                   (收集:潜龙家教)

  评论这张
 
阅读(230)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017