注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

深圳英语家教

深圳潜龙家教 www.szqljj.com

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

我来自山清水秀,人杰地灵的湖南,从事英语家教教学,追求卓越人生,真情待人,热心助人,欢迎八方来客光临!

网易考拉推荐

中考英语高频考点错误分类详解  

2010-01-14 11:50:54|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

中考英语高频考点错误分类详解
    在学习初中英语的过程中, 同学们常会犯这样那样的错误, 大多数同学认为这些错误纷繁复杂, 无章可循, 其实并非如此。为便于系统复习, 现将中考高频考点,或者说把同学们常犯的错误进行分类详解, 希望对大家能有所警示与启迪。
    I. “蛇足”类错误例析
    “蛇足”类错误就是“画蛇添足”,在句中出现一些原本没有或本应省略的成分。
    例1. 
    Though traveling by air is fast and comfortable, but it costs too much money. (×)
    Traveling by air is fast and comfortable, but it costs too much money. (√)
    Though traveling by air is fast and comfortable, it costs too much money. (√)
    例2.
    Because he was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to work. (×)
    Because he was ill yesterday, he didn’t go to work. (√)
    He was ill yesterday, so he didn’t go to work. (√)
    [析] 用though, but表示“虽然……,但是…… ”或用because, so 表示“因为……,所以……”时,though和but 及because和so 都只能择一而用,不能两者同时使用。
    例3.
    More than three hundreds people died in the oil well accident in Chongqing in 2003.(×)
    More than three hundred people died in the oil well accident in Chongqing in 2003. (√)
    [析] hundred, thousand, million, billion等词前有具体数词修饰用来表示“确数”时,无论数词大小,hundred等词都要用单数形式。
    例4.
    My English teacher is a 38-years old man. (×)
    My English teacher is a 38-year-old man. (√)
    [析] 句中的38-years-old是由数词、名词和形容词一起构成的复合形容词,在句中充当定语,修饰名词man。复合形容词作定语时, 其中的名词要用单数形式, 且各词之间要有连字符“-”。
    例5.
    The Smiths have moved Beijing. (×)  
    The Smiths have moved to Beijing. (√)
    [析] 不及物动词后接名词或代词作宾语时,要在动词之后加上适当的介词;但不及物动词后接home, here, there等副词作宾语时,动词之后不必加任何介词。
    例6.
    The box is too heavy for him to carry it. (×)
    The box is too heavy for him to carry. (√)
    [析] the box既是这句话的主语, 也是不定式to carry的逻辑宾语,若句末再加上it,就和the box重复了。
    II. “主谓不一致”类错误例析
    主谓不一致类错误指的是句子的主语和谓语动词在人称和数上不一致而形成的错误。
    例1.
    Each of the boys have a pen. (×)  
    Each of the boys has a pen. (√)
    [析] 复数名词前有表个体的each of, one of, every,either of等词组修饰,或有表否定的neither of, none of 等词组修饰时,谓语动词要用单数形式。
    例2.   那是你心软!我不就是一个例子吗?
    Neither he nor you is good at English. (×) 
    Neither he nor you are good at English. (√)
    [析] either... or..., neither... nor..., not only..., but also... 等词组连接句子的两个主语时,谓语动词遵循“就近一致原则”, 即由靠近谓语的那个主语决定谓语的人称和数用何种形式。
    例3.
    Two months are quite a long time. (×)
    Two months is quite a long time. (√) 
    [析] 当时间、度量、距离、重量等名词作句子主语时,常将其看作一个整体,谓语动词要用单数形式。
    例4.
    Ten minus three are seven. (×) 
    Ten minus three is seven. (√)
    [析] 用英语表示加(plus)、减(minus)等数学运算时,谓语动词也用单数形式。
    例5.
    Watching TV too much are bad for your eyes. (×)
    Watching TV too much is bad for your eyes. (√)
    [析] 不定式、v-ing形式充当句子主语时,谓语动词用单数形式
例6.
    The number of the workers in this factory are about 5,000. (×)
    The number of the workers in this factory is about 5,000. (√)
    [析] the number of表示“……的数量”,谓语动词用单数形式;a number of 的意思是“若干”或“许多”,相当于some或a lot of,和复数名词连用,谓语动词用复数形式。
III. “词序”、“语序”类错误例析
    词序、语序类错误指的是单词或句子在排列顺序上不正确,也表现为该用陈述语序的用了疑问句语序,或该用疑问句语序的用了陈述句语序等情况。
    例1. Hello! I have important something to tell you. (×)
         Hello! I have something important to tell you.   (√)
    [析] 形容词或动词不定式修饰不定代词作定语时,修饰成分要置于不定代词之后。
    例2. His son is enough old to go to school. (×)
         His son is old enough to go to school. (√)
    [析] enough作形容词修饰名词时,可以放在名词前,也可放在名词后;作副词修饰形容词或副词时,只能放在形容词或副词之后。
    例3. Here is your sweater, put away it.(×)
         Here is your sweater, put it away. (√)
    [析] put away, pick up, put on等“动词+副词”构成的词组后接代词作宾语时,代词只能放在动词和副词之间。
    例4. I don’t know where is he going.(×) 
         I don’t know where he is going. (√)
    [析] 在含宾语从句的复合句中,从句要用陈述句语序。
    例5. Look! Here the bus comes.(×)
         Look! Here comes the bus.(√) 
    [析] 在以here, there引起的陈述句中,若句子的主语是名词,要用倒装语序,即用“Here /There+动词+名词”结构;但主语若是代词时,则不用倒装语序, 即用“Here/There +代词+动词”结构。
    例6. I do well in playing football, _______. (我妹妹也行。)
         A. so my sister does(×)
         B. so does my sister(√)
例7. --- Li Lei is really a football fan.  
         --- _______. (确实这样.)
         A. So is he(×)            
         B. So he is(√)
    [析] “so+be动词/助动词+主语”的倒装结构表示前面所述情况也适用于后者,意为“……也是这样”;“so+主语+be动词/助动词”的陈述结构表示对前述情况的肯定,意为“……确实如此”。
IV. “逻辑”类错误例析
    逻辑类错误是指用英语表达某一思想时,犯了逻辑推理错误,导致句子语法成分不全,句意表达上前后矛盾等方面的失误。
    例1. 重庆比中国的其他城市都大。
    Chongqing is larger than any city in China. (×)
    Chongqing is larger than any other city in China. (√) 
    [析] “any city in China”包括了重庆这座城市, 同一事物自己与自己不能做比较,只有在city 前加上other才能表示重庆和中国的其它城市比较大小。
    例2. 广州的天气比北京的天气更暖和。  
    The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than Beijing. (×)
    The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than that in Beijing . (√)
    [析] 表示比较时,句子中的两个比较对象必须一致,不同的比较对象不能做比较。错误句的比较对象分别为the weather in Guangzhou和Beijing,这两个不同类的事物之间不能做比较。
    V. “受汉语思维方式影响”类错误例析
    受汉语影响类错误是指用英语表达某个意思时,受了汉语表达的影响而导致犯错。
    例1. Mr Wu teaches our English. (×)
         Mr Wu teaches us English. (√)
    [析] “teach sb. sth.”句式中的sb.和 sth.是teach的双宾语,因此teach后的人称代词要用宾格,而不能受汉语影响使用形容词性物主代词。
    例2. His sister married with a teacher last summer.(×)
         His sister married a teacher last summer. (√)
    [析] 表达“A和B结婚”,要用A married/will marry  B。这时务必要避免受汉语影响使用A married/will marry with B。
    例3. There is going to have a film tonight. (×)    
         There is going to be a film tonight. (√)
    [析] 一般将来时用在 There be 句式中时,be going to或will之后的动词原形只能用be,也就是说要用There is (are) going to be.... / There will be....。
    例4. I’ll go hiking if it won’t rain next Sunday. (×)
         I’ll go hiking if it doesn’t rain next Sunday.(√)
    [析] 习惯上在含有时间状语从句和条件状语从句的复合句中,如果主句的谓语动词用了一般将来时,从句的谓语动词要用一般现在时表示将来的动作。
    例5. Teacher told us yesterday that the earth went around the sun.  (×)
         Teacher told us yesterday that the earth goes around the sun.   (√)
    [析] 习惯上在含有宾语从句的复合句中,主句的谓语动词用了一般过去时,从句的谓语动词要用过去的某种时态。但如果从句表述的是一客观事实或客观真理时,则不受主句时态的影响,而用一般现在时。
    例6. All the balls are not round. 翻译成汉语:
         所有的球都不是圆的。(×)
         并不是所有的球都是圆的。(√)
    [析] all, every, both等词和not连用时,not通常放在all, every, both的后面,一般情况下表示部分否定,意为“并非……都……”。
    例7. Do you know the way of the park?  (×)
        Do you know the way to the park? (√)
    [析] 习惯上表示无生命名词的所有格常用“...of...”; 但表示“通往……的路”要用“the way to...”, 而不能用“the way of...”。类似结构的词还有 the key to the lock (这把锁的钥匙), the answer to this question(这个问题的答案), the ticket to the concert (音乐会的票)等。
    例8. --- He didn’t go to school yesterday, did he?
         --- _______, though he didn’t feel very well.
         A. No, he didn’t (×)        B. Yes, he did (√)
    例9. --- Don’t you usually come to school by bike?
         --- _______. But I sometimes walk.
         A. No, I don’t (×)          B. Yes, I do (√)
    [析] 习惯上英语中的yes意为“是的”,no意为“不”,但在“前否后肯”的反意疑问句或否定疑问句中,yes意为“不”,no意为“是的”。(完)

 

  评论这张
 
阅读(180)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017