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2010中考英语重点句法考点:感叹句和反意疑问句  

2010-01-24 08:46:36|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2010中考英语重点句法考点:感叹句和反意疑问句

  一、结构:
  What/ How +被感叹的部分+ 主语+ 谓语!
  What beautiful flowers they are !
  二、变法:
  一断, 二加 ,三调位。
  一断表示在谓语动词的后面断开,二加表示在断开的两部分中间加what 或how ,三调位表示前后两部分对调位置。
  They had a good time yesterday .
  一断:They had  /  a good time yesterday .
  二加:They had(what)a good time yesterday .
  三调位:What a good time they had yesterday.
  三、what引导的感叹句:
  1.what + a / an +adj + 单数名词 (+主语+ 谓语)!
  _______ a clever boy he is !
  2.what + adj + 复数名词 (+主语+ 谓语)!
  _______ heavy boxes they are !
  3.what + adj + 不可数名词(+主语+ 谓语)!
  _______ bad weather !
  四、how引导的感叹句:
  1.How + adj / adv + 主语+ 谓语!
  _________ hard they are working !
  2.How + adj + a / an + 单数名词(+主语+ 谓语)!
  How tall a boy he is !
  3.How + adj / adv + the + 名词+ 谓语!
  ________ heavily the rain is falling!
  五、what 与how引导的感叹句之间的转换:
  1.What a beautiful girl she is !=
   ______ beautiful the girl is !
  2.How delicious the food is !=
   ______ delicious food it is !
  六、几个常见的感叹句:
  1.______ great fun it is !
  2.______ important information !
  3.______ good news !
  4.______ good advice / music !
  5.______ a heavy rain !
  6.______a strong wind !
  七、感叹句中常见的不可数名词:
  food , work , weather , fun , music , information , news , advice


2010中考英语重点句法考点:反意疑问句
  一、结构:
  陈述句 + 附加疑问句?
  It's hot today ,isn't it ?
  二、原则:
  1.前肯后否,前否后肯
  2.前名后代
  3.时态一致
  三、变法:
  一疑、二否、三连、四省、五转换(名变代)。
  四、特殊的附加疑问句:
  1.I'm …… , aren't I ?
  I'm right , ______ ______ ?
  2.There be …… , ______ there ?
  There will be fewer buses in the future ,____ ______?
  3.句中有反义词的句子的反意疑问句,仍把它作为肯定形式。
  He is unhappy , _____ ______ ?
  4.Let's 的反意疑问句为 shall we ?
  Let's go to the movie together ,_____ _____ ?
  5.祈使句的反意疑问句为 will you ?
  Don't miss it ,_____ _____ ?
  6.若陈述句部分含有never , few , little , hardly ,no ,seldom ,nobody ,nothing …否定词、半否定词时,附加疑问句用肯定形式。
  He can hardly understand it , _____ ______ ?
  7.陈述句的主语为不定代词时:
  1).主语为指人的不定代词时,附加疑问句的主语用he / they .
  No one was hurt , ______ _______ ?
  2).主语为指物的不定代词时,附加疑问句的主语用 it.
  Nothing is serious , _______ _______ ?
  8.表推测的情态动词的附加疑问句,其附加疑问句与情态动词后的动词一致。
  He must be at school , ______ ______ ?
  9.陈述句的主语是this , that , these , those 时,附加疑问句的主语分别为 it , they .
  This is a new computer , ______ ______ ?
  Those aren't banana tees , ______ _______ ?
  10.当陈述句是主从复合句时, 其附加疑问句应与主句保持一致。若主句为I think / believe /suppose /imagine /expect 时,其附加疑问句应与从句保持一致。
  He said that he would leave here tomorrow , _______ _______ ?
  I don't think you can do these exercises alone , _______ _______ ?
  11.陈述句中有has / have / had 时,一定要注意。
  1).若句中是 has to / have to / had to ,表 "不得不" 附加疑问句的谓语用doesn't / don't / didn't 进行反问.
  They had to leave early , ______ ______ ?
  2).若句中是has / have / had 表"有 ", 其附加疑问句的谓语用do/ does / did 进行反问。
  He has few friends in the new school, ______ ______?
  3).若句中是has/ have / had +过去分词时,其反义疑问句的谓语用has/have/had进行反问。
  He has never been to Beijing , _____ _____?
  She had studied a few English songs by the end of last month. ,______ ______?
  五、反义疑问句的回答:
    反义疑问句的回答要根据事实作答,若事实是肯定的,就用yes , +肯定形式。若事实是否定的,就用No, +否定形式。
  注意:在前否后肯的句子中,yes表示"不"而No表示"是的"。
  She didn't come to school yesterday, did she ?
  _________, though she was not feeling well.
  A. No, she didn't    B. No , she did   C. Yes , she didn't   D. Yes , she did

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