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2010年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(全国二卷)  

2010-11-14 17:15:03|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

2010年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(全国二卷)

英语

第一卷(选择题)

第一部分 英语知识运用

第一节    语音知识(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,找出其 划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同的选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

1.  Come

A.      cold   B. cock C. comfort    D. improve

2.  dead

A. eager   B. great C. least    D. health

3.  united

A. use     B.  ugly  C. upstairs   D. put

4.  ours

A. outside   B.  cousins   C. nervous   D. clocks

5. thirty

A. theatre B. thus C. although D. feather

 第二节 语法和词汇知识(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

6.—Is it all right if I keep this photo?

--­­­­­­_______.

A. No,you don’t  B. No, it shouldn’t C. I’m afraid not D. Don’t keep it

7.Tom was about to close the windows _____his attention was caught by a bird.

 A. when       B. if          C. and        D. till

8.my mother opened the drawer to _________ the knives and spoons.

A.  put away  B.  put up  C.  put on  D. put together

9. Barbara is easy to recognize as she’s the only of the women who ____ evening dress.

A.  wear  B.  wears  C.  has worm  D.  have worm

10—have you finished the book?

-- No. I’ve read up to _____ the children discover the secret cave.

A.   which  B.  what  C.  that  D. where

11.though ______ to see us,the professor gave us a warm welcome。

A.  surprise  B was surprised  C.  surprised  D. being surprised

12. Neither side is prepared to talk to _____ unless we can smooth thing over between them。

A.  others  B.  the other  C. another  D.  one other

13. the island is ____ attractive in spring and autumn because of the pleasant weather in both seasons.

A.  partly  B.  merely  C.  nearly  D. equally

14.  The doctor thought ____ would be good for you to have a holiday.

A. this  B.  that  C.  one  D.  it 

15. Linda ,make sure the tables ____ before the guests arrive.

A. be set   B.  set  C. are set  D.  are setting

16. I  refuse to accept the blame for something _____ was someone else’s fault.

A.  who  B.  that C. as  D. what

17. I’m afraid Mr. Harding ____ see you now . he’s busy.

A.  can’t B.  mustn’t  C.  shouldn’t   D. needn’t

18. –Can I help you?  Are you looking for anything in particular today?

----_____, we’re just looking.

A.      Yes, please  B.  No, thank you  C. Yes , you can  D. No, you needn’t

19. Excuse me. I      I was blocking you r way.

A. didn’t realize                         B. don’t realize

C. haven’t realized                       D. wasn’t realizing

20. Mr. Black is very happy because the clothes made in his factory have never been       .

A. popular                            B. more popular

C. most popular                        D. the most popular

 第三节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A man who knows how to write a personal letter has a very powerful tool. A letter can be enjoyed, read and   21  . It can set up a warm conversation between two people far apart (远离的);it can keep a   22   with very little effort.

I will give   23  .A few years ago my older brother and l were not getting   24 .We

had been close as    25    but had grown apart. Our meetings were not   26  ; our

conversation was filled with arguments and quarrels: and every effort to clear the air seemed to

only   27   our misunderstanding. Then he   28   a small island in the Caribbean and we

  29   touch. One day he wrote me a letter. He described his island and its people, told me

what he was doing, said how he felt, and encouraged me to   30  . Rereading the letter, I was

  31   by its humor(幽默)and clever expressions. These were all qualities for which I had

  32   respected my older brother but   33   he no longer had them. I had never known he

could write so   34  . And with that one letter we became friends   35  .

It might never have occurred to   36   to write me if he had not been in a place where

there were no   37  . For him, writing was a necessity. It also turned out to be the best way for

us to get back in touch. Because we live in an age of   38   communication(通讯), people

often   39   that they don’t always have to phone or email. They have a   40   . And that is

to write.

21. A. received          B. rewritten        C. returned       D. reread

22. A. record           B. promise          C. friendship     D. secret

23. A. an example       B. a lesson          C. an experience  D. a talk

24. A. through          B. together         C. along          D. away

25.A.brothers        B. children         C.fellows     D.classmates

26. A.normal         B. necessary      C.pleasant     D.possible

27. A.deepen         B. start           C.express     D.settle

28. A.toured          B. stopped        C.reached     D.m

29. A.lost            B. kept in          C.needed      D.got in

30.A. think            B. write           C.enjoy       D.read

31.A.driven          B. beaten          C.surprised    D.honored

32. A.never          B. seldom          C.sometimes   D.once

33. A.realized        B. judged           C. thought     D. expected.

34. A.well           B. often            C. much       D. soon

35. A.later           B. anyhow          C. too         D. again.

36. A.us             B. anyone           C. someone     D. my brother

37. A.mail services    B. transport services   C. phones     D. relative

38. A.poor           B. easy             C. popular      D. busy

39. A.believe         B. decide           C. argue        D. forget

40.A.  habit           B. choice           C. method      D. plan

 

第二部分: 阅读理解 (共25小题。第一节每小题2分,第二节每小题1分;满分45分)

第一节 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

When I was six, Dad brought home a dog one day, who was called “Brownie”, My brothers and I all loved Brownie and did different things with her. One of us would walk her, another would feed her ,then there were baths, playing catch and many other games . Brownie, in return, loved each and every one of us. One thing that most touched my heart was that she would go to whoever was sick and just be with them. We always felt better when she was around.

One days, as I was getting her food, she chewed up(咬破) one of Dad’s shoes, which had to be thrown away in the end. I knew Dad would be mad and I had to let her know what she did was

Wrong. When I looked at her and said, “Bad girl.” She looked down at the ground and then went and hid. I saw a tear in her eyes.

      Brownie turned out to be more than just our family pet. She went everywhere with us.

People would stop and ask if they could pet her. Of course sh e'd let anyone pet her. She was just

the most lovable dog. There were many dines when we'd be out walking and a small child would

come over and pull on her hair. She never barked (吠) or tried to get away. Funny thing is she

would smile. This frightened people because they thought she was showing her teeth. Far from

the truth, she loved everyone.

      Now many years have passed since Brownie died of old age. I still miss the days when she

was with us.

41. What would Brownie do when someone was ill in the family?

      A. Look at them sadly.                     B. Keep them company.

     C. Play games with them.                  D. Touch them gently.

42. We can infer from Paragraph 2 that Brownie ______

     A. would eat anything when hungry         B. felt scary for her mistake

     C. loved playing hide-and-seek             D. disliked the author's dad

43. Why does the author say that Browrnie was more than just a family pet?

      A. She was treated as a member of the family.

      B. She played games with anyone she liked.

      C. She was loved by everybody she met.

      D. She went everywhere with the family.

44. Some people got frightened by Brownie when she _______

      A. smiled       B. barked      C. rushed to them    D. tried to be funny

45. Which of the following best describes Brownie?

      A. Shy.        B. Polite.            C. Brave.            D. Caring.

B

     When you're lying on the white sands of the Mexican Riviera, the stresses (压力) of the

world seem a million miles away. Hey. stop! This is no vacation - yon have to finish something!

      Here lies the problem fat travel writer and food critic (评论家) Edie Jarolim. "I always

loved traveling and always liked to eat, but it never occurred to me that I could make money

doing both of those things." Jarolim said. Now you can read her travel advice everywhere-in

Arts and Antiques. in Brides. or in one of her three books. The Complete Idiot Travel Guide to

Mexico's Beach Resorts.

      Her job in travel writing began Some eight years ago. After getting a PhD in English in

Canada. she took a test for Frommer's travel guides, passed it, and got the job. After working at

Frommer's, Jarolim worked for a while at Rough Guides in London, then Fodor's, where she fell

so in love with a description of the Southwest of the U.S. that she moved there.

      Now as a travel writer, she spends one-third of her year on the road. The rest of the time is

spent completing  her tasks and writing reviews of restaurants at home in Tucson, Arizona.

      As adventurous as the job sounds, the hard part is fact-checking all the information. Sure,

it's great to write about a tourist attraction, but you'd better get the local (当地的 ) museum hours

correct or you could really ruin someone's vacation.

46. Which country does Jarolim have in now?

     A. Mexico.          B. The U.S.        C. The U.K         D. Canada

47. What is most difficult for Jarolim?

     A. Working in different places to collect information

     B. Checking all the facts to be written in the guides.

     C. Finishing her work as soon as possible.

     D. Passing a test to write travel guides.

48. What do we know about Jarolim from the text?

     A. She is successful in her job.

     B. She finds her life full of stresses.

     C. She spends half of her time traveling.

     D. She is especially interested in museums.

49. What would he the best title for the text7

   A. Adventures in Travel Writing   B. Working as a Food Critic     C. Travel Guides on the Market   D. Vacationing for a Living

 C

    Thousands of people living in the Chinese capital will celebrate the start of the Chinese

New year by heading for the ski  resorts (滑雪场). Never mind that Beijing's dry weather seldom

produces snow. It is cold enough in winter for snow-making machines to make a covering for the

hills north to the capital. And the rapid growth of a pleasure-seeking middle class has formed the basis for this new craze(热潮)     

Since Beijing's first ski resort was opened ten years ago, the sport has enjoyed astonishing increase. There are now more than a dozen resorts. Clothes markets in the city  have added bright colored ski suits to their winter collections. Mr. Wei, a manager of a newly-opened ski resort in Beijing, sees the growth of an industry that could soon lead Chinese to head for the ski resorts of Europe, In recent years ski resorts offering natural snow have opened in China. But many are in faraway areas of the country and can't really match the equipment and services of some ski resorts in Europe.

Beijing's skiing craze is partly a result of the recent increase in private (私有的) cars. This has led to the growth of a Ieisure industry in the capital's suburbs (郊区), which until the late-1990s were unreachable to ordinary people, According to Mr, Wei, about 40% of the visitors to his resort come in their own cars. The rest are bused in by schools, businesses or government Offices.  

The problem is making money. Starting ski resorts requires quite a lot of money; hiring land from the local government, preparing the hills, buying snow machines, making sure there are enough water and electricity to run them, and buying ski equipment for hiring out to customers.

    The ski resort where Mr. Wei works cost nearly $4m to set up. And. as so often in China when someone comes up with a good idea, many others hash in and price wars break out. Beijing now offers some of the cheapest ski training classes in the world, though with most people rather new to the sport, expecting a few more doing the same job.

50. What does this text mainly talk about?

    A. Convenience for skiers brought about by private cars.

    B. Skiing as a new way of enjoying one's spare time.

    C. Things to be considered when starting a ski resort.

    D. A sudden increase of ski training classes in Beijing.

51. Why are some Chinese likely to go skiing in Europe?

    A. To visit more ski areas.               B. To ski on natural snow.

    C. For a large collection of ski suits.      D. For better services and equipment.

52. The underlined words "leisure industry" in Paragraph 3 refer to -

     A. transport to ski resorts              B. production of family cars

     C. business of providing spare time enjoyments

     D part-time work for people living in the suburbs

 53. What is the main problem in running a ski resort?

      A. Difficulty in hiring land.             B. Lack of business experience.

      C. Price wars with other ski resorts,      D. Shortage of water and electricity,

54. What it special about the Ariau Amazon Towers hotel?

 A. You can sleep in the house.                B. You can choose any of the towers.

 C. It is designed for big families.         D. Every room has a walkway.

55. For more persons spending a night in one of these hotels, they have to pay at least

     A $111           B. $182           C. $600    D. $636

56. Which website should you visit if you want to find out whether there exists a hotel under the

     sea?

A. http://www.icehotel.com               B. http://www.ariantowers.com

C. http://www.propeller-island.com         D. htlp://www.bahamabeachclub.com

57. Which hotel would invite artists to come to work every year?

A. Propeller Bland City Lodge.      B. Arian Amazon Towers.

C. The Ice Hotel.                 D. Bahama Beach Club.

E

How words came into being is unknown. All we assume(推测)is that some early men invented certain sounds, in one way or another, to express thoughts and feelings, actions and things, so that they could talk with each other. Later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be put together to show those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or written in letters, are called words.

The power of words, then, lies in their associations - the things they bring up to our minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we tire, the more certain words bring back to us the happy and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the more the number of words that mean something to us increases.

Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in words which have powerful effects on our minds and feelings. This clever use of words is what  we call literary style(文体). Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can express his  meaning in words which sing like music, and which by their position and association can move men to tears, We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them correctly, or they will make our speech silly and common.

58. We learn from the text that language might have begun with           

A. expressions         B. actions        C. signs           D. sounds

59.What is mainly discussed in Paragraph 2?

  A. The learning of new words.

  B. The importance of old words

  C. The relation of human experience with words. 

D. The gradual change and development of words.

60. In the last paragraph, what does the author suggest that we should do?

     A. Use words skillfully.                  B. Make musical speeches

     C. Learn poems by heart.                 D. Associate with listeners.

 第二节  根据对话内容,从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。

W: Hi, John.

M: Hi. Lucy.    61    

W: Yes. I'm required to tell a story in English before the lesson begins.

M: Oh, I see.   62 

W: You're right. I need to practice on the stage before they all come.

M:   63  

W: Yes, here, in my pocket...Oops, where is it?

M: Don't worry,    64  

W: ...No, not in the bag. either. I'm afraid I left it at home.

M:    65  

W: Aha! It's just the key |o the classroom! Thank you so much.

 A. Glad to see you.

B. What's the story about?

C. What's that around your neck?

D. Maybe you put it in your schoolbag,

E. Do you have the key to the classroom?

F. You're going to school rather early today.

G. S o you want to get to get to the classroom earlier to make some preparation?

 第二卷(非选择题)

第三部分写作(共三节.满分55分)

    第一节单词拼写(共10小题;每小题l分,满分l0分)

    根据下列句子及所给汉语注释.在答题卡相应的位置上写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。(每空只写一词)

66. The course will start in  ×  (十二月).

67. She  ×   (提醒) me that I hadn't written to Mother.

68. I hope to be back in a   ×   (两星期).

69. My    ×   (最喜欢的) colour is green.

70. The baby in the next room    ×   (睡醒) and began to cry.

71.   ×(水桶) are often used for holding and carrying water.

72. They look like the teeth of a   ×   (凶猛的) animal.

73. It is   ×  (危险地) for children under five years old to be left alone at home.

74. Because of his special experience, he was chosen to be an  ×  (助理) to the president for energy affairs.

75. Two years later, he left his parents and entered a   ×   (医学的) college.

    第二节短文改错(共10小题:每小题1.5分。满分15分)

    此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:如无错误,在答题卡相应的位置上萄一个勾(、/);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正:此行多—个词:把多余的词写在答题卡相应的位置上,用斜线(、)划掉·

    此行缺—个词:在答题卡相应的位置上写出该加的词,并附带前(后)词·此行话一个词:在答题卡相应的位置上写出该错词和改正后的词。

     注意:原行没有错的不要改。

Christie was one of my best friend at high school.            76       

At that time, we often spend time together.                  77       

Thank to  her heap, I made great Progress i n my             78        

study. Last year. she decided to study abroad. In              79         

other words, we would be separated long time.               80         

Before her leaving off, I prepared a gift to show              81          

my best wishes to him. She said it was the beat               82         

Gift she has ever had. From then on, we’ ve                  83      

kept touch with each other through e-mails. I                 84      

look forward to see her again in the near future.               85      

 第三节 书面表达(满分30分)

假设你是李华,你的美国笔友Peter层表示希望来中国教书。你校现在需招聘外教,请给他写封信,告知招聘信息。内容主要包括:

1.教授课程:英语口语、英语写作、今日美国、今日英语等

2.授课对象:高中生(至少三年英语基础)

3.工作量:

—每周12学时,任选三门课

—担任学生英语俱乐部或英语校报顾问(advisor)

注意:

1.字数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头语已为你写好,请将完整的回信书写在答题卡上。

***********************************************************************

Dear Peter,

I remember you told me you were interested in teaching in China.              

Best,

Li Hua

2010年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试

英语参考答案和评分参考

第一部分

1-5 CDABA     6-10 CAABD     11-15 CBDDC     16-20 BABAB    21-25 DCACB

26-30 CADAB    31-35 ADCAD      36-40 DCBDB

第二部分

41-45 BBCAD    46-50 BBADB     51-55 DCCAA    56-60 DCDCA   61-65 FGEDC

第一节

66. December      67. reminded      68. fortnight       69. favo(ur)rite

70. awoke / awaked     71. Buckets      72. fierce     73. dangerous    

74. assistant      75. medical

第二节

76.friend→friends 

77.spend→spent

78.Thank→Thanks

79.√

80. for a long

81.去掉off

82.him→her

83.has→had

84. kept in touch

85. see→seeing

第三节

一、评分原则

1.本题总分为30分,按5个档次给分。

2.评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。

3.词数少于80或多于120的,从总分中减去2分。

4.评分时应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性以及上下文的连贯性。

5.拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时,应视其对交际的影响速度予以考虑。英美拼写以及词汇用法均可以接受。

6.如书写较差以及影响交际,将其分数降低一个档次。

二、内容要点

1.招聘之事    2.教授课程

3.授课对象    4.工作量

5.恰当的结尾

三、One Possible Version:

Dear Peter,

I remember you told me you were interested in teaching in China. Our school now is looking for a native-speaker to teach some courses to senior high students. If you come, you can choose three of the following four courses: Speaking, Writing, Britain Today and American Today, and teach of English learning experiences. Besides teaching, you will also work as an advisor to our students’ English club or our school’s English newspaper.

Please tell me know if you are interested and if you have any other questions. I’d be more than happy to help.

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