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直接引语变间接引语方法(讲解与练习题)  

2010-12-20 12:02:47|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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一 概述

  1 当直接引语为陈述句,变为间接引语时,从句中人称、时态、指示代词、时间、地点(状语)等都要发生变化。

  2 当直接引语为疑问句,变为间接引语时,从句中人称、时态、指示代词、时间、地点、语序等都要发生变化。

二 引导词

  1 直接引语为陈述句用that引导(可省略)。

  2 直接引语为一般疑问句用if/whether引导。

  3 直接引语为特殊疑问句用疑问词引导(切记:后用陈述语序)。

  4 直接引语为祈使句(命令句)用to do 。

三 时态

  1 直接引语为一般现在时,间接引语根据需要选用时态。

  2 直接引语为一般过去时,间接引语变化如下:

     一般现在时→一般过去时

     一般将来时→过去将来时

     现在进行时→过去进行时

     一般过去式→过去完成时

     现在完成时→过去完成时

     过去完成时→过去完成时

  3 直接引语为客观真理,变间接引语时,时态不变。

四 常见变化

   1 say→tell/ask(针对直接引语首/主句)

   2 this →that       these→ those

   3 last week→ the week before

      next week →the next week

      now →then

      today →that day

      yesterday →the day before

      tomorrow →the next day

      a day ago →a day before

   4 here →there

   5 come →go

巩固练习(按顺序编排):

1 She said,"I have to say goodbye now."

2 She said to us,"It may snow tonight."

3 " I bought the glasses yesterday," She said to me.

4 "Is your mother a doctor ?" She asked Lily.

5 She asked " Where is Linda ?"

6 " Who has brought you to the hospital?" the nurse asked  the girl.

7 " Please read ten pages today," the teacher said to the students.

8 The teacher said to us, " The earth travels around the sun."

9 He said, " I was a soldier in 2008." (注意此题)

二、将间接引语变为直接引语。

1 She said she went to the beach every Saturday.
2 She asked Li Ming why he was late for school.
3 The teacher asked me not to look out of the window.
4 Tim asked if we were listening to music then.
5 He asked how I had found my keys.
三、 汉译英。
1 我们英语老师叫我们不要在班上讲话。
2 物理老师说光传播比声音快。
3 我老妈问我为什么坐在鸡蛋上面
4 他问是否我表哥在民治小学上班。
5 谭老师说他明年要栽20棵树。
四、改错。
1 Our geography teacher said the moon travelled around the earth.
2 Tim said he hasn't finished his homework.
3 I asked him what you have done that day
4 Your dress is very pretty. Could you tell me where do you buy it?
5 He says he will stay at home tomorrow.
参考答案:
一、 直接引语改为间接引语。
        1 She said she had to say goodbye then.

2 She told us it might snow that night.

3 She told me she had bought the glasses the day before.

4 she asked Lily if her mother was a doctor.

5 She asked where Linda was.

6 The nurse asked the girl who had brought her to the hospital.

7 The teacher told the students to read 10 pages that day.

8 The teacher told us the earth travels around the sun.

9 He said he was a soldier in 2008.

二 将间接引语变为直接引语。
1 She said, "I go to the beach every Saturday."
2 She asked, "Why are you late for school, Li Ming ?"
3 The teacher said to me , "Don't look out of the window."
4 Tim asked , "Are you listening to music now?"
5 He asked , " How did you find your keys?"
三 汉译英。
1 Our English teacher told us not to talk in class.
2 The physics teacher said light travels faster than sound.
3 My mother asked why I sit on the eggs.
4 He asked if my cousin worked in Minzhi Primary School.
5 Mr Tan said he would plant 20 trees the next year.
四 改错。
1 Our geography teacher said the moon travels around the earth.
2 Tim said he hadn't finished his homework.
3 I asked him what you did that day
4 Your dress is very pretty. Could you tell me where you bought it?
5 He says he will stay at home the next day.
(潜龙家教谭叶飞老师 全球首创  欢迎点评)

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