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2010年中考英语模拟试题三  

2010-02-03 12:52:32|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2010年中考英语模拟试题三

第一部分  听力 (20分)
Ⅰ.听句子,选择正确图片。每个句子读一遍。(5分)
 
1._____  2._____  3._____  4._____  5._____
Ⅱ.听对话,选择正确答案。每段对话读两遍。(5分)
(   )6.What’s Kitty’s problem in English?
 A.She can’t understand certain grammars.
 B.Her pronunciation is not quite right.
 C.She can’t translate every word.
(   )7.What’s the old man?
 A.An ugly man. B.A learned and kind teacher. C.An ugly beggar(乞丐).
(   )8.What is wrong with Lucy?
 A.She is worried about her spoken English.
 B.She is worried about her written English.
 C.She is worried about going to the English corner.
(   )9.Who are the two speakers?
 A.Neighbors. B.Old classmates.   C.Teacher and student.
(   )10.How many good methods are there for learning English?
 A.Quite a lot. B.One.   C.Some.
Ⅲ.听短文,完成下面表格。短文读三遍。(5分) 
An English Speech
Purpose to help students learn more about 11.        
Contents(内容) the differences between 12.       
Speaker Mr. Brown from 13.        
Time at 14.          on October 21
Place in 15.         of the Library Building
Ⅳ.听短文,回答问题。短文读三遍。(5分)
16.What did Tom ask John to do one evening?
 _____________________________________________________
17.When did John first call Tom?
 _____________________________________________________
18.Where did Tom go the next afternoon?
 _____________________________________________________
19.Who’s going to see his granny?
 _____________________________________________________
20.What did John have to do?
 _____________________________________________________
第二部分  基础知识运用 (55分)
Ⅰ.单项选择。(10分)
(   )1.—This physics problem is too difficult. Can you show me _____, Wang Li?
 —Sure.
 A.what to work it out  B.what to work out it
 C.how to work it out  D.how to work out it
(   )2.It is important _____ the piano well.
 A.of him to play  B.for him to play
 C.of him playing  D.for him to playing
(   )3.—Sorry, I can’t follow you. I beg your pardon?
 —_____
 A.You are welcome.  B.That’s all right.
 C.Not at all.  D.No problem.
(   )4.The old farmer felt like _____ a big house very much.
 A.to get B.get C.getting D.got
(   )5.She _____ walk at night. How brave she is!
 A.dare to B.dares to C.dare not D.doesn’t dare to
(   )6.I will go to my doctor for _____ on healthy diet (饮食).
 A.an advice B.some advices C.any advice D.some pieces of advice
(   )7.It’s my honor _____ to give a talk here.
 A.to invite B.to be invited C.inviting D.invite
(   )8.I usually go to the movies with my parents, but _____ alone.
 A.some times B.sometime C.at times D.at time
(   )9.If you want to learn English well, it’s useful to _____ before class and _____ after class.
 A.review; preview B.preview; review C.review; to preview D.preview; to review
(   )10.Listening, speaking and reading are all important _____ writing.
 A.beside B.besides C.except D.expect
Ⅱ.情景交际。(5分)
A: How are you getting on with your English, Li Kai?
B:   11   especially in speaking. When I speak in public, I become nervous and make a lot of mistakes.   12 
A: Don’t give up. But do you often speak English?
B: No.
A: That’s the problem. Just as you can’t learn to swim if you don’t jump into water,   13 
B: You’re right. But I’m afraid of making mistakes.
A: Don’t think like that.   14   especially in the beginning. It’s part of the learning.
B: Mmm... I see.
A: Very good. I hope you’ll take every chance to practice.   15 
B: OK, I will. Thank you very much.
A.you can’t speak English well if you don’t speak it.
B.Everyone makes mistakes,
C.I have some difficulties in spelling, pronunciation,
D.You know, “Practice makes perfect”.
E.I don’t know how to remember new words.
F.Sometimes I wonder if I can learn English well.
G.I hate to speak English in public.
Ⅲ.完形填空。(10分)
I am a student in Grade Three. I began to learn English three years ago. English isn’t very
  16   to learn. But I like it very much.
  17   do I study English?
In the first year, I found   18   very difficult to memorize new words. At first I   19   a lot of time on them. I learned new words only   20   reading and writing.   21   a few days later I forgot them. Later, with the help of my teachers, I came to know how to do it well. I paid more attention to   22   and spelling. For example:
e   be  these              e    set   best
/i:/                        /e/
ee  see  need              ea  bread  ready
  23  , I have learned a lot of new words. Every morning after I get up, I do some reading. At school I   24   to speak English with my classmates and go over   25   I have learned.
Nothing is too hard if you put your heart into it.
(   )16.A.hard B.excited C.easy D.fast
(   )17.A.Why B.What C.Unless D.How
(   )18.A.this B.it C.that D. /
(   )19.A.took B.paid C.spent D.cost
(   )20.A.with B.for C.as D.by
(   )21.A.And B.But C.Then D.However
(   )22.A.pronunciation B.words C.reading D.writing
(   )23.A.By the way B.In this way C.To begin with D.Later on
(   )24.A.join B.lose C.try D.realize
(   )25.A.that B.what C.which D.when
Ⅳ.阅读理解。(30分)
(A)
English words don’t stay the same. People need new words for new ideas and new inventions. Different words come into use, or old words are used in a new way.
English can be changed by borrowing words from other languages. The word “tomato” was borrowed from Mexico and“tea”came from China and so on. Now new space and science words are being borrowed from other countries, too. New words are formed by adding two words together. “Countryside” and “earthquake” are made up of two parts. Sometimes new words are shorter forms of old words. The word  “photo” was made from “photograph” by cutting off the end of the longer word. “Plane” was made by cutting off the front part of “airplane”. The names of people and products can become new words, too. Our “sandwich” was named after a man called Sandwich and “sello tape”(透明胶带) was a name given by the company that first made the product.
(   )26.New English words are needed because _____.
A.people use old words in a new way
B.the population is bigger now
C.the old words are not enough
D.new ideas and new inventions appear all the time
(   )27.Which of the following words was taken to English from another country?
 A.Plane. B.Sandwich. C.Tomato. D.Countryside.
(   )28.Which of the following words came from China?
 A.Tea. B.Earthquake. C.Airplane. D.Sello tape.
(   )29.How many ways of developing English words does the passage tell us?
 A.Three. B.Four. C.Five. D.Six.
(   )30.The main idea of this passage is _____.
 A.that the English language is always changing
 B.that there are new ideas in England today
 C.how people name new products and inventions
 D.how people use old words in a new way
(B)
In order to know a foreign language thoroughly(完全地), four things are necessary. Firstly, we must be able to understand the language when we hear it. Secondly, we must be able to speak it correctly with confidence and without hesitation(犹豫). Thirdly, we must be able to compose(创作) sentences that are grammatically(语法地) correct. Fourthly, we must know how to put sentences into paragraphs, so as to write a good letter or composition.
There is no easy way to success in language learning. A good memory(记忆力) is of great help but it is not simply enough to memorize rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning long lists of words and their meanings by heart. We must learn words not by themselves but in sentences. We must learn by using the language. “Learn through use.” is a good piece of advice for those who are studying a new language. Practice is very important. We must practice speaking and writing the language whenever we can.
根据短文内容,判断正(T)误(F)。
(   )31.The passage is mainly about how to learn a foreign language.
(   )32.When we try to speak a foreign language, we must believe ourselves.
(   )33.The writer advises us to use a dictionary whenever we can.
(   )34.The first step learning a language is reading.
(   )35.“Learn through use.” is a good piece of advice for those who are studying a new language.
(C)
When you are learning English, you find it stupid to translate an English sentence, word for word, into your native(本国的) language. Take the sentence “How do you do?” as an example. If you look up each word in the dictionary, what is your translation? It must be a wrong sentence in your own language.
Languages do not just have different sounds, they are different in many ways. It’s important to master the rules for word order in the study of English, too. If the speaker puts words in a very unusual order, the listener can’t understand the speaker’s sentence easily. Sometimes when the order of words in an English sentence is changed, the meaning of the sentence changes. Let’s see the differences between the following sentences.
I visited my old teacher only in the city.(我仅仅在城里看望了我以前的老师。)
(A)I visited only my old teacher in the city.
I have a light desk.(我有一张很轻的书桌。)
(B)I have a desk light.
So, when you are learning English, you must try your best to grasp(领会) the spirit of the language and use it as a native speaker does.
根据短文内容,完成下面两个任务。
任务一: 翻译。
36.将画线部分(A)译成汉语: _______________________________________________
37.将画线部分(B)译成汉语: _______________________________________________
任务二: 回答下列问题。
38.When you are learning English, is it clever to translate an English sentence word for word into your native language?
____________________________________________________________________________
39.If the speaker puts words in a very unusual order, what will happen?
____________________________________________________________________________
40.When you are learning English, what can you do?
____________________________________________________________________________
第三部分  写作 (25分)
Ⅰ.词汇。(10分)
(A)根据句意及首字母提示补全单词。
1.I am very w_____ in English, so I’m going to work hard at it.
2.The plans have been under d_____.
3.My English teacher told us many good m_____ to study.
4.I’m sorry, I can’t follow you. Can you r_____ that?
5.What a nice story! Can you r_____ it in English?
(B)根据句意及汉语提示完成句子。
6.They ________ ________ ________(坚持弹奏) the music late yesterday night.
7.Please ________ ________ ________ ________(深呼吸) and relax yourself before you give a speech in class.
8.We can learn from ________ ________(犯错误).
9.He is so excited that he can’t say ________ ________(完整的话).
10.In order to ________ ________ (练习语法), I keep a diary.
Ⅱ.句型转换。(5分)
11.Every year the farmers plant many trees on those hills.(改为被动语态)
 Many trees _______ _______ on those hills _______ the farmers every year.
12.I don’t know what I should do with the broken bike.(同义句转换)
 I don’t know what _______ _______ _______ the broken bike.
13.Don’t give up learning English, it’s helpful to you.(同义句转换)
 Don’t _______ _______ English, it’s helpful to you.
14.The children had a good time in Disneyland.(同义句转换)
 The children _______ _______ in Disneyland.
15.Jane would like to eat some fish.(同义句转换)
 Jane _______ _______ _______ some fish.
Ⅲ.书面表达。(10分)
你的英语非常优秀, 学校请你和七年级的同学们做一次英语学习经验交流。请根据下列提示,写一份80词左右的发言稿。
提示:
1.When did you begin to learn English?
2.Why do you like English?
3.How do you study English well?
4.take part in/join, follow the tape, keep a diary in English, remember words ...

听 力 材 料
Ⅰ.听句子,选择正确图片。每个句子读一遍。
1.Kate has a lot of homework to do. She is wondering whether to go to Lucy’s birthday party.
2.There are many English movies. I can’t decide which to see tonight.
3.Kangkang insists that taking part in the English Corner help to improve speaking skills.
4.We are thinking about going to China to learn Chinese.
5.Listening to BBC may help you to improve your listening.
Ⅱ.听对话,选择正确答案。每段对话读两遍。
6.M: Kitty, can you make yourself understood in England?
W: Not really. Sometimes my pronunciation is not quite right.
7.M: Look at the old man. His clothes are old. How ugly he is!
W: Don’t say so. Clothes don’t make the man. He is a learned and kind teacher in my school.
8.M: Hey, Lucy. What’s up?
W: Well, I’m worried about my English. I can’t speak very well.
M: Why not go to the English corner with me?
W: Good idea. Let’s go.
9.M: Hi, Linda, nice to see you.
W: Nice to see you, too.
M: Well, we haven’t seen each other since we graduated in 1998. How’s everything?
W: Pretty good. I’m an English teacher now. I’m happy to be with my students.
10.W: I wonder what methods are helpful in learning English.
M: There are many good methods. Choose the ones that suit you best.
Ⅲ.听短文,完成下面表格。短文读三遍。
Attention, please! I have something important to tell you. To help students learn more about foreign customs, we have invited Mr. Brown from Nanjing University to make a speech for us on Saturday, the twenty-first of October. Mr. Brown will talk about the differences between Chinese customs and Canadian customs. The speech begins at 3:30 p.m. in Room 408 of the Library Building. Everyone in our school is welcomed to come to the speech. After the speech, Mr. Brown will leave time for questions. Don’t forget to be there on time. That’s all. Thank you.
Ⅳ.听短文,回答问题。短文读三遍。
Tom asked John to help him with his English one evening. But John’s father was ill. John had to look after his father at home. He couldn’t help Tom that evening.
John called Tom at two fifteen the next afternoon. But Tom wasn’t in. He went out to the park.
John called again later. Tom said, “Thanks very much. Tomorrow I’ll go to see my granny and you should take care of your father. Don’t worry about my English.”

参考答案及解析
第一部分  听力
Ⅰ.1.D  2.E  3.A  4.C  5.B
Ⅱ.6.C  7.B  8.C  9.C  10.A
Ⅲ.11.A  12.B  13.C  14.B  15.C
Ⅳ.16.He went to the house of a rich person.
17.By the side of the road.
18.He threw them away into the dust.
19.Because of the heavy rain.
20.He had to go home.
第二部分  基础知识应用
Ⅰ. 1.D  本题考查一般现在时的被动语态的用法。is cleaned表示“被打扫干净”。
2.C  根据句意,“我花了很多钱买书,尽管我并不富裕。”可知此处表示转折含义。But意
为“但是”,so是“因此”,even though表示“尽管”,as if为“好像”,所以选择C。
3.A  take the leading position表示“处于领先地位”。在某方面处于领先地位应用介词in。
4.A  本题考查encourage sb. to do sth. 表示“鼓励某人做某事”;practice doing sth.“练习
做某事”。
5.A  考查have much/no trouble (in) doing sth. 表示“做某事费力或毫不费力”。trouble为
不可数名词,根据题意此处选择A项。
6.C  考查have a (good) chance to do sth. 表示“有(好)机会做某事”,have no chance
to do sth. “没有机会做某事”。
7.D  此题考查分数的表示法。分子是复数时,分母加-s,谓语动词根据主语的单复数而
定。故选D。
8.A  此题考查can’t wait to do sth. 意为“迫不及待做某事”,为固定搭配。根据句意“我一收到礼物就迫不及待地去打开礼盒”,故正确答案为A。
9.C  本题考查be used for/to/by的区别。be used for表示“被用于……(方面)”;be used
to do … 表示“被用于做……”;be used by表示“被……(谁)所使用”。
10.B  once in a while 偶尔,有时;after a while 一会之后;for a while 一会;
而sometime 某一时刻。根据题意选B。
Ⅱ. 11.E  12.C  13.G  14.B  15.F
Ⅲ. 16.B  此题考查被动语态的动作执行者所使用的介词,一般由“by+施动者”表示,by
意为“被……,由……”。
17.A  此题考查固定短语on the other hand,表示“另一方面”。
18.C  根据题意“汉语是世界上说的人数最多的一种语言。”可知此处填最高级,表示数
量多要用large,所以选择C项。
19.D  在本句中widely是一个副词,意为“广泛地”,修饰动词spoken。
20.D  as在本句中表示“作为”,它用于“be spoken … as … ”中表示英语“作为他们
的第一语言被使用。”
21.B  本题考查被动语态。… is spoken被讲,被说。
22.C  这四项的含义都表示“也”,但用法不同。either用于否定句中,as well和too多
用于句末,只有also用于句中。
23.D  本题考查固定搭配be made in … 表示“在某地制造”。
24.B  这句话重点要说英语并不是这些国家的第一语言。none of表示“一个也没有”;
no one指人,nothing指“什么也没有”,no不与of连用,故选B项。
25.A  本句考查被动语态。be written表示“被写”。
Ⅳ.(A)
26.B  此处问的是把英语作为母语的国家的数量,由第一段可知B项正确。
27.B  根据第二段的第一句话可推断英语与拉丁语同样重要。本文没有提到A项和D项
内容,因此排除,由第三段文字可排除C项,故选B。
28.C  根据第二段的第三句话判断C项符合题意。
29.A  根据 … and over half of the world’s books and magazines are written in English. 一
句可知。
30.B  根据本文最后一句话得知。
(B)
31.F  从全文可知那位英国人并不是不想听作者所说的话,而是作者不理解“You don’t
say.”的真正含义。
32.F  令作者不解的是英国人所说的话,他认为或许他不应该谈论那个话题。
33.T  从第二段中可直接找到该问题的答案。
34.T  从第二段When I’m back home, everyone will laugh at me if I leave here without
seeing it. 一句中推测得出此答案。
35.F  从全文可知You don’t say! 的真正含义为“真的吗?”并不是“不要说了!”
(C)
36.No, they didn’t. 从第一段阅读得知,五位乞丐来自不同国家,在文章的后面又介绍了五种语言中葡萄这个词的说法各不相同,可推断出五位乞丐讲不同的语言。
37.They decided to stay together, sharing what they had and helping each other in trouble times.
本句问的是: 有一天他们见面时决定做什么?从第一段最后一句中可得到答案。
38.He gave them a coin. 本句问的是: 在街上一个男人给了他们什么?从第二段第一句话可知此人给了他们一枚硬币。
39.Because they didn’t understand each other’s language very well. 本句问的是: 他们为什么吵架?从第三段第二句知道,他们主要是因为语言不通才引起的争吵。
40.Yes, they did. 从文章的后半部分得知他们用各自的语言表达“葡萄”这个词,所以由此推断,事实上他们都想要买葡萄。
第三部分  写作
Ⅰ.(A)1.to communicate with  2.as a second language  3.divided into  4.Whenever
5.international conference
 (B)6.similar  7.translated  8.general  9.position  10.conversations
Ⅱ.11.widely  12.languages  13.rapidly  14.understanding  15.needed
Ⅲ.参考范文:
Let’s Study English Well
English is widely used around the world. It’s used as the first/official language in many countries. It’s also used as a second language in many other countries in the world. It’s important for a businessman or a businesswoman to learn English well. English is a popular language of the world’s airlines and international business. And two thirds of the world’s scientists read and write in English. About 200 million users of the Internet communicate in English, too. What’s more, the 2008 Olympic Games was held in Beijing, and this calls for the whole nation to learn English. English is becoming more and more important in our daily life. We should study it well.
参考答案及解析
第一部分  听力
Ⅰ.1.D  2.A  3.E  4.B  5.C
Ⅱ.6.B  7.B  8.A  9.B  10.A
Ⅲ.11.foreign customs
12.Chinese customs and Canadian customs
13.Nanjing University
14.3: 30 p.m.
15.Room 408
Ⅳ.16.He asked John to help him with his English.
17.At 2: 15 the next afternoon.
18.He went out to the park.
19.Tom is going to see his granny.
20.He had to look after his father.
第二部分  基础知识运用
Ⅰ. 1.C  本题考查疑问词+不定式结构。根据句意“你能给我讲讲怎样计算出这道题吗?”
句中有宾语it,所以选how结构而不选用what结构。另外,work out这一短语其
后的宾语如果是代词,要把代词放在中间。故正确答案为C。
2.B  本题考查It’s+adj.+for sb./of sb.+to do sth.结构。在这一结构中,for sb. 指的是“对
某人而言”,而of sb. 指的是“某人本身也是”。根据题意“对他而言,弹好钢琴是
很重要的”,故选B。
3.D  本题主要考查I beg your pardon?“请再说一遍好吗?”的习惯答语。回答应该为
No problem. 没问题。故选D。
4.C  本题考查feel like doing sth. 想要做某事。
5.B  本题考查dare的用法。dare表示“敢,竟敢”,既可用作情态动词,亦可用作实义
动词。用作情态动词,无人称和数的变化,后接动词原形;用作实义动词,有人称
和数的变化,后接动词不定式。根据题意How brave she is!排除C、D项,故选B。
6.D  advice为不可数名词,故选D。
7.B  本题考查It’s one’s honor to do sth. 很多同学可能选A项,但invite是及物动词,此
处invite后没有宾语,所以应用其被动语态,此句意为“被邀请来这里做报告是我
的荣幸。”故选B。
8.C  at times有时, 偶尔, 相当于sometimes。
9.B  主要考查preview预习和review复习。这两个词易混。
10.B  besides除……之外(包括其后的内容);而except除……之外(不包括其后的宾
语);beside在……的旁边;expect期望。
Ⅱ. 11.C  12.F  13.A  14.B  15.D
Ⅲ. 16.C  根据下句But I like it very much. 的转折,可推断英语是不容易学的,故选C。
17.D  本文是介绍学习英语的经验和方法,所以此处不表示“原因why,内容what和条
件unless”,而是介绍学习和方法,故选D。
18.B  本题考查“主语+谓语+it+adj.+to do sth.”结构。it在这里作found的形式宾语,
真正的宾语是不定式短语to memorize new words,故选B。
19.C  本题考查spend … on sth. 结构。pay后应跟介词for,故选C。
20.D  by在这里表示“通过……方式”,符合题意。
21.B  根据上下文,此处表示转折关系,但However后要用逗号隔开,此处是句号,所
以用But,故选B。
22.A  根据下文的例子可知作者注重单词的读音和拼写,并相互结合着去记单词,故选A。
23.B  By the way顺便问一问;In this way使用这种方式;To begin with以……开始;Later
on后来,故B项符合题意。
24.C  根据题意“在学校,我尽量和同学们用英语交谈……”可知本题考查try to do sth.。
25.B  本题考查宾语从句。动词learn后无宾语,故宾语从句引导词要作从句中的宾语,
而作go over的宾语只有what I have learned合适,故选B。
Ⅳ.(A)
26.D  从第一段可知新的英语单词之所以被需要是因为新的想法和新发明一直在出现。
27.C  从第二段The word“tomato”was borrowed from Mexico. 可知“西红柿”一词是
从墨西哥传入的。
28.A  从第二段第二句可知“茶”这个词来源于汉语。
29.B  从阅读第二段可归纳出英语单词的发展在本文只介绍了四种——引入、组合、简
化及借用人名或产品的名称。
30.A  本文的中心思想主要讲的是英语这种语言在不断改变。
(B)
31.T  从全文可知本文主要讲述的是如何学习一门外语。
32.T  文章第一段介绍学习语言的方法之二就是初学者们要充满自信地讲英语。
33.F  从文章第二段可以看出学习语言不能够孤立地学习单词,而应该把单词放在句子
中学习。生词应该从字里行间来推敲其含义,而不是无论何时都要查字典。
34.F  从第一段得知学习语言的第一步是听,而不是读。
35.T  “学以致用”是学习一门新语言的好方法。
(C)
36.在城里我仅仅看望了我从前的老师。在翻译时要注意only一词的位置。
37.我有一盏台灯。在这里desk修饰后面的名词light。
38.No, it isn’t. 从文章的第一句话可以归纳出该问题的答案。
39.Perhaps the listener can’t understand the speaker’s sentence easily. 从文章第二段可直接找到该答案。
40.I must try my best to grasp the spirit of the language and use it as a native speaker does. 在
文章的最后一段可找到此答案。
第三部分  写作
Ⅰ.(A)1.weak  2.discussion  3.methods  4.repeat  5.retell
(B)6.insisted on playing  7.take a deep breath  8.making mistakes  9.complete words
10.practice grammar
Ⅱ. 11.are planted, by  12.to do with  13.stop learning  14.enjoyed themselves 
15.feels like eating
Ⅲ.参考范文:
Boys and girls,
It’s my honor to come here to share my opinions of learning English with you. I began to learn English when I was ten. At that time I knew nothing about English. But now I enjoy English very much. I like it not only because it’s useful, but also because I have a lot of fun in learning it. I often take part in the English corner, and follow the English tapes to practice spoken English. Morning is the best time to remember words. Keeping a diary in English every day is a good way to improve my writing.
That’s all. Thank you.

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