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2010年中考英语模拟试题二  

2010-02-03 10:20:41|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 2010年中考英语模拟试题二

第一部分  听力 (20分)

Ⅰ.听句子,选择正确图片。每个句子读一遍。(5分)

1._____  2._____  3._____  4._____  5._____

Ⅱ.听对话及问题,选择正确答案。每段对话读两遍。(5分)

(   )6.A.By working with his friends.

          B.By taking notes.

          C.By asking the teacher for help.

(   )7.A.Changing language.             B.Increasing population.       C.Developing country.

(   )8.A.Because she can’t spell some English words.

          B.Because she can’t understand spoken English.

          C.Because she can’t pronounce some of the words.

(   )9.A.She is good at English.

          B.She joined an English language club one year ago.

          C.She does badly in English.

(   )10.A.He advises the girl to join a language club.

            B.He advises the girl to listen to some tapes.

            C.He advises the girl to make a pen pal.

Ⅲ.听对话,选择正确答案。对话读两遍。(5分)

(   )11.When does Xiao Ming get up every morning?

            A.At 5: 30 a.m.                     B.At 6: 00 a.m.                    C.At 6: 30 a.m.

(   )12.Why does Xiao Ming get up so early every morning?

            A.Because he wants to do some exercise.

            B.Because he wants to memorize(记忆) some English words.

            C.Because he wants to memorize and recite something.

(   )13.Who gets up as early as Xiao Ming every morning?

            A.His father.                         B.His mother.                      C.Nobody.

(   )14.How does Xiao Ming spend his spare time?

            A.By playing football.            B.By reciting something.

            C.He has no spare time at all.

(   )15.What’s the possible relationship between the two speakers?

            A.Teacher and student.          B.Reporter and student.        C.Mother and son.

Ⅳ.听短文,填空。短文读三遍。(5分)

Languages change with time and place, and so does English. In English many words are borrowed from other languages. About 900 years ago, many great changes   16   to English. A great many words were borrowed into English from French. About 500 years ago there was another great change. This time it was a change in   17  , but the   18   was not much changed. Sometimes one word has the different   19   in different countries. You need to know some of these   20   to make yourself understood.

16._____  17._____  18._____  19._____  20._____

第二部分  基础知识运用 (55分)

Ⅰ.单项选择。(10分)

(   )1.In Australia the meaning of “Good on ya, mate!” is _____

          A.“Not good!”          B.“It’s a pity!”        C.“Well done!”         D.“Sorry!”

(   )2.The engineer will return from Hong Kong _____ a few days.

          A.since                    B.in                       C.for                       D.after

(   )3.How does the fight between them come _____?

          A.to                         B.on                      C.about                   D.in

(   )4.Not only my parents but also I _____ a doctor.

          A.are                       B.is                        C.am                       D.were

(   )5.You must try your best because you can’t depend _____ your parents all the life.

          A.of                        B.for                      C.on                       D.upon

(   )6.I’m afraid I have to _____ the doctor’s advice.

          A.follow                  B.receive                C.carry                   D.listen

(   )7.Peter’s Chinese was very poor when he came to China, so he couldn’t make himself _____.

          A.understands          B.understanding      C.understand           D.understood

(   )8.The little girl _____ go to school, though she didn’t want to go there.

          A.wanted to             B.was forced to      C.is forced to           D.liked to

(   )9.The winter holiday will begin soon. John _____ to stay with us.

          A.will be coming       B.comes                 C.came                   D.is coming

(   )10.I’m not sure if I’m going to Tom’s birthday party. I may go to the concert _____.

          A.only                     B.instead                C.early                    D.instead of

Ⅱ.情景交际。(5分)

A: Hello, Granny! What are you doing?

B:   11 

A: Learning English? Why?

B: Yes.   12   More and more foreign friends will come to China. I want to do something for them.   13 

A: You’re great, Granny! Well, English has become more and more popular.   14 

B: You’re right, dear.   15 

A: Of course, Granny. Let’s learn English together.

B: That’s fine. Thank you.

A: You’re welcome.

 

A.Where have you been?

B.Beijing hosted the 2008 Olympic Games.

C.Don’t worry.

D.It’s widely spoken by many people in the world now.

E.I’m learning English.

F.Can you help me with my English?

G.And I want to make some foreign friends as well.

Ⅲ.完形填空。(10分)

Do you know? There is one language   16   in every country in the world. People, young or old, short or tall, thin or fat, use it very often. It is everybody’s second   17  . It is very easy to   18  , though you can’t hear it. It is a sign language.

When you wave(挥手) to a friend on the street, you are   19   sign language. When    you   20   up your hand in class, you are saying, “Please ask me, I think I know the answer,” or “I have some questions to   21  .” When you smile at someone, you mean to be   22   to him. When you put your forefinger(食指) in front of your mouth, you mean, “  23   quiet, please.” When a policeman wants to   24   cars or buses, he raises his right arm. Sign language is very useful in quiet places or places   25   of noise. It is different from body language.

(   )16.A.used                 B.use                      C.using                      D.uses

(   )17.A.sign                  B.action                   C.language                  D.expression

(   )18.A.write                B.say                      C.express                   D.understand

(   )19.A.use                   B.using                    C.speak                      D.speaking

(   )20.A.look                  B.make                    C.put                         D.take

(   )21.A.ask                   B.say                      C.answer                    D.tell

(   )22.A.friend               B.friendly                C.kindness                  D.kindly

(   )23.A.Take                 B.Make                   C.Is                           D.Be

(   )24.A.say                   B.catch                   C.stop                        D.prevent

(   )25.A.full                   B.none                    C.made                      D.some

Ⅳ.阅读理解。(30分)

(A)

Every person uses his own special words to show his ideas and feelings. Some of these expressions are commonly used for many years. Others are popular for just a short time. One such American expression is “Where’s the beef ?”. It is used when something is not as good as it is said to be. In the early 1980s, “Where’s the beef ?” was one of the most popular expressions in the United States. It seemed as if everyone was using it at that time.

Beef, of course, is the meat from a cow, and no food is more popular in America than a hamburger made from beef. In the 1960s, a businessman named Ray Kroch began building small restaurants that sold hamburgers at a low price. Kroch called his restaurant “McDonald’s”. Ray Kroch became one of the richest businessmen in America.

Other business people saw his success. Some of them opened their own hamburger restaurants. One company called “Wendy’s” said its hamburgers were bigger than those sold by McDonald’s or anyone else. The Wendy’s company began to use the expression “Where’s the beef ?” to make people know that Wendy’s hamburgers were the biggest. The Wendy’s television advertisement showed three old women eating hamburgers. The bread that covered the meat was very big, but inside there was only a bit of meat. One of the women said she would not eat a hamburger with such a little piece of beef.“Where’s the beef?”she shouted in a funny way. The advertisement for Wendy’s hamburger restaurants was a success. As we said, it seemed everyone began using the expression “Where’s the beef?”.

根据短文内容,判断正(T)误(F)。

 (   )26.The expression “Where’s the beef ?” is used when something is not as good as it is said to be.

(   )27.Wendy started McDonald’s restaurant.

(   )28.Other people wanted to open hamburger restaurants because they thought they could make a lot of money.

(   )29.Wendy’s made the expression known to everybody by a television advertisement.

(   )30.The Wendy’s company wanted to tell others their hamburgers were the most delicious.

(B)

When I was 16 years old, I made my first visit to the United States. It wasn’t the first time I had been abroad. Like most English children, I learnt French at school and I had often been to France, so I was used to speaking a foreign language to people who didn’t understand English. But when I went to America I was really looking forward to having a nice easy holiday without any language problems.

How wrong I was! The misunderstanding began at the airport. I was looking for a public telephone to give my American friend Danny a ring and tell her that I had arrived. A friendly old man saw me looking like being lost and asked if he could help me.

“Yes,”I said.“I want to give my friend a ring.”

“Well, that’s nice,”he exclaimed (惊呼).“Are you getting married? But aren’t you a bit young?”

“Who is talking about marriage?” I replied. “I just want to give my friend a ring to tell her I’ve arrived. Can you tell me where there’s a phone box?”

“Oh!”he said.“There’s a phone downstairs.”

When at last we did meet up, Danny explained the misunderstanding to me.“Don’t worry,” she said to me.“I had many difficulties at first. There are lots of words which the Americans use differently in meaning from us British. You’ll soon get used to all the funny things they say. But most of the time British and American people can understand each other!”

(   )31.Which sentence is right according to the passage?

            A.This was the first time for the writer to go abroad.

            B.The writer could speak French and English.

            C.He thought he would have some difficulties in understanding the Americans.

            D.The writer had been to the U.S.A. many times.

(   )32.When the writer arrived at the airport, he wanted to _____.

            A.buy a ring for his friend                                   B.ask the way to his friend’s

            C.telephone his friend                                  D.call a taxi

(   )33.The old man thought _____.

            A.the writer wanted to find a phone box

            B.the writer was old enough to get married

            C.the writer didn’t know the way

            D.the writer wanted to find his girlfriend

(   )34.At last, the old man _____.

            A.understood what the writer wanted to do

            B.couldn’t understand the writer

            C.bought a ring for the writer

            D.took the writer to the phone box by himself

(   )35.Which sentence is wrong according to the passage?

            A.The writer’s friend, Danny had a lot of difficulties in the U.S.A. at first.

            B.There are some differences between American and British English.

            C.British people can’t understand the Americans most of the time.

            D.British and American people can understand each other most of the time.

(C)

English is spoken as the first language by most people in the U.S.A., Britain, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland and Canada. However, English is spoken all over the world. It is the main language in over 60 countries, including India, Singapore and many of the Caribbean and Pacific islands. In these places English is often the second language.

English is also an international language in many other countries, like China and Japan. People in these countries use it for business, and travelers to these countries use English when they want to communicate. Other people may learn English because they enjoy reading books in English, listening to British or American music or watching American films.

English has changed a lot over the years and still goes on changing. It is no longer right to talk about British English or American English if the speakers come or don’t come from those countries. People in Japan and Korea, for example, may use the American spelling but may not sound like American.

English will probably be the most widely used language in the world by the end of the 21st century. This language no longer belongs to British, American or Australian speakers. It belongs to anyone in the world. So, as a middle school student today, think about how you can use this language. After you leave school, you will almost certainly need it.

根据短文内容填空,每空一词。

36.In the U.S.A., Britain and Australia, English is _____ as their _____ language.

37.English is spoken as an _____ _____ by the people all over the world now.

38.English doesn’t stay _____ _____, it has changed a lot over the years.

39._____ the most widely used language will be _____ by the end of the 21st century.

40.In the future, English will be more _____ and _____.

第三部分  写作 (25分)

Ⅰ.词汇。(10分)

(A)根据句意及首字母提示补全单词。

1.If you want to learn English well, you should pay attention to its spelling and p_____.

2.What are the d_____ between the two pictures?

3.Fall is another saying of a _____.

4.People in the city held a great party to celebrate their v_____.

5.He spoke English with a little Dutch(荷兰语的) a_____.

(B)根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空。

6.She ________ (force) herself to be polite to them.

7.The two ________(German) are from Germany.

8.English is spoken ________(different) in different English-speaking countries.

9.In the word “knew”, the letter“k”is not ________(pronounce).

10.In ________ (Australian), people call their friends “mates”.

Ⅱ.英汉互译。(5分)

11.我父亲叫我把旅行箱放在汽车尾部的行李箱里。

     My father _____ me _____ put the suitcase in the boot.

12.澳大利亚英语和英式英语一样吗?

     Is Australian English _____ _____ _____ British English?

13.迈克尔将去机场为王军峰送行。

     Michael is going to the airport _____ _____ Wang Junfeng _____.

14.昨天下午4:00林涛看到他的同学在操场上打篮球。

     Lin Tao _____ his classmates _____ basketball on the playground at 4:00 p.m. yesterday.

15.陈真学英语没有困难。

     Chen Zhen has no _____ in _____ English.

Ⅲ.书面表达。(10分)

假如你是王群,正在澳大利亚度暑假。在那儿你遇到了一些语言障碍。请给你的英语老师Mr. Zhou发一封电子邮件,把你所遇到的困难告诉他。(80词左右)

听 力 材 料

Ⅰ.听句子,选择正确图片。每个句子读一遍。

1.Wang Qiang learns English by watching English-language videos.

2.In Australia, people say “G’day” instead of “Hello”.

3.People say “Good on ya, mate!” instead of “Well done!” in Australia.

4.The flight is from Beijing to Shanghai.

5.My family are enjoying spending our holiday in Disneyland.

Ⅱ.听对话及问题,选择正确答案。每段对话读两遍。

6.W: Jack, do you usually study for a test by taking notes?

M: No, I don’t do that. I study for a test by asking the teacher for help.

Q: How does Jack study for a test?

7.M: Has the English language taken in many new words from other languages?

W: Yes. For example, Americans borrowed“cent”from old French and“tofu”from Chinese.

Q: What are they talking about?

8.M: Do you think it’s easy to learn English?

W: No, I can’t pronounce some of the words. So it’s a little hard for me.

Q: Why does the woman think English is a little hard for her?

9.M: Is that girl Mary? Her English is perfect.

W: Yes, she has been a member of an English club for two years.

Q: What do we know about Mary?

10.W: I am short of writing. What should I do?

M: I think you should make a pen pal. It helps a lot.

Q: What does the man advise the girl to do?

Ⅲ.听对话,选择正确答案。对话读两遍。

W: Excuse me, Xiao Ming. It must be hard work to be a middle school student now.

M: It certainly is. I’m going to take the most important examination and I must prepare every subject very well.

W: I guess you can’t have enough sleep.

M: Yes. I have to get up at six o’clock every morning and go to bed very late.

W: Why do you get up so early then?

M: Because I want to remember and recite something at that time.

W: Does your mother get up as early as you?

M: Yes. She cooks breakfast for me. She wants me to keep healthy.

W: Your mother is so kind. Well, how do you spend your spare time?

M: Spare time? I have no spare time. I have lessons all the time.

W: I really hope it goes well after your hard work.

M: Thank you.

Ⅳ.听短文,填空。短文读三遍。

Languages change with time and place, and so does English. In English many words are borrowed from other languages. About 900 years ago, many great changes happened to English. A great many words were borrowed into English from French. About 500 years ago there was another great change. This time it was a change in pronunciation, but the spelling was not much changed. Sometimes one word has different meanings in different countries. You need to know some of these differences to make yourself understood.

参考答案及解析

第一部分  听力

Ⅰ.1.D  2.B  3.E  4.A  5.C

Ⅱ.6.C  7.A  8.C  9.A  10.C

Ⅲ.11.B  12.C  13.B  14.C  15.B

Ⅳ.16.happened  17.pronunciation  18.spelling  19.meanings  20.differences

第二部分  基础知识运用

Ⅰ. 1.C  此题考查对书本知识的熟悉程度。澳式英语中的Good on ya, mate!与英式英语中的

Well done!同义。

2.B  since+点时间;in+段时间,常和将来时态连用,表示“以现在为起点,一段时间之后”;after+点时间,常和过去时态连用;for+段时间,指一段时间,而不指一段时间后。a few days为段时间,故正确答案为B。

3.C  此题考查短语come about,意为“发生”。come to后接动词原形,come on有“加

油”的意思,come in意为“进来”,故选C。

4.C  此题考查主谓一致。not only … but also … 不但……而且……,谓语动词和but also之后的主语应该相一致,本题是在陈述一个事实,所以应该用一般现在时,故选C。

5.C  此题考查短语depend on,意为“依靠”。

6.A  本句中follow the doctor’s advice表示“遵照医嘱”。

7.D  本句考查“make+宾语+过去分词”这一结构。过去分词作宾语补足语,表明宾语

和宾补之间的关系是被动的。

8.B  本题考查被动语态be forced to do sth. 表示“被迫做某事”,其从句是过去时态,故

选择B项。

9.D  本题考查be going to,表将来。

10.B 根据题意“我不确定我是否去参加Tom的生日晚会。我可能去听音乐会吧!”只有

B项符合题意。

Ⅱ. 11.E  12.B  13.G  14.D  15.F

Ⅲ. 16.A  根据题意“世界上有一种被每个国家都使用的语言。”可知,此处是用过去分词

used来作language的定语,表示被动含义。

17.C  根据题意此处填language“语言”,符合上下文。

18.D  根据下文though you can’t hear it. It is a sign language. 可知此处填understand更恰当。

19.B  根据本句When you wave to a friend on the street, you are … 的题意和语法提示此

处应填进行时态using。

20.C  此题考查固定短语,put up举手;take up占据;make up组成;根据题意“当你

在课堂上举手时”,你就是在表示“请……”, 可知举手符合题意。故选C。

21.A  根据题意可知“我有问题要问”,此处为不定式作定语的结构。不定式作定语要

后置,故选A。

22.B  be friendly to sb. 为固定结构,表示“对某人友好”。

23.D  此处考查系表结构。be quiet在此处为祈使句形式,表示“安静”。

24.C  根据题意当“警察想要拦住汽车或公共汽车时,他就举起右臂”,stop(使)停止,

(使)静下来,而prevent表示“阻止,预防”,stop更符合题意。

25.A  full of充满; none of一个也没有; made of由……制成; some of ………当中一些。

由题意“手势语在安静的地方或是嘈杂的地方是很有用处的。”可知选A。

Ⅳ.(A)

26.T  在文章第一段可直接找到该问题的答案。

27.F  是Ray Kroch创办的麦当劳,而不是Wendy。

28.T  从第三段开始可知,其他的商人看到了Kroch赚了很多钱,他们也都纷纷效仿。

29.T  从第三段中间部分可知,Wendy’s公司是以在电视中播放的广告而出名的。

30.F  从第三段最后可知,Wendy’s公司想让人们知道他们的汉堡是最大的而不是最美

味的。

(B)

31.B  从阅读第一段得知,这并不是作者第一次出国,故排除A项答案。他认为在美国

语言上不会遇到麻烦,故排除C。这是作者第一次去美国,故排除D。他在学校

学过法语,所以可推断他可以讲法语和英语。故答案为B。

32.C  当作者到达机场时,他想打电话通知他的朋友。而A项为给他的朋友买戒指;B

项为问去朋友家的路;D项为打出租车。

33.C  从阅读文章可知老人认为作者迷路了。而A项意为作者想要找电话亭。B项意为

作者已到了结婚的年龄。D项意为作者想找他的女朋友。

34.A  从老人告诉作者电话亭在楼下可推断老人听懂了作者的话;而B项意为他听不

懂作者的话;C项意为他为作者买了一枚戒指;D项意为他亲自带作者到电话亭。

35.C  从文章结尾部分可知作者的朋友最初在美国也遇到了许多困难,故A项排除。英

式英语和美式英语之间存在着不同之处,故排除B。虽然英式和美式英语之间有

所不同,但两国人在交流时没有太大的困难,大部分时候彼此能够理解对方的意

思,故排除D项。

(C)文章大意: 英语在美国、英国等国家是第一语言,即母语。随着社会的发展,越

来越多的国家把英语作为第二语言。如今英语作为一种国际语言在不断地发展。在将

来,它将会更有用、更重要。

36.spoken; first 从文章第一句得知英语在美国、英国、澳大利亚等是第一语言。

37.international language 从第二段得知英语在全世界已成为一种国际性的语言。

38.the same 从第三段可知英语一直在改变。

39.Perhaps/Maybe; English 从最后一段English will probably be the most widely used language in the world by the end of the 21st century. 一句中可得此答案。

40.useful; important  从阅读全文可知,英语将会越来越有用,越来越重要。

 

第三部分  写作

Ⅰ.(A)1.pronunciation  2.differences  3.autumn  4.victory  5.accent

(B)6.forced/forces  7.Germans  8.differently  9.pronounced  10.Australia

Ⅱ. 11.told/asked; to  12.the same as  13.to see; off

14.saw; playing  15.difficulty/trouble; learning

Ⅲ.参考范文:

Dear Mr. Zhou,

How are you? I have been in Australia for a week. I come here to visit my uncle and spend the summer holiday. Just as I thought, I have some difficulties in understanding the people here. They speak too quickly. Sometimes I can’t follow them. And their accents are not the same. Even worse, I can’t understand some of the words they said. I really want to know how the differences come about. Please write to me soon.

Best wishes to you and your family.

Yours, 

Wang Qun

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