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英语数词考点讲解与练习  

2010-03-10 09:26:42|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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英语数词考点讲解与练习

【考点扫描】

   表示数目或顺序的词叫数词。数词可分基数词和序数词两大类。纵观近年来各省市中考的试题,对数词的考查主要集中在以下几点:

   1、基数词的写法。几十后面加ty, “几十几”,要用连字符号;几百几十几,hundred百位和十位间用and;hundred, thousand, million, billion等词表示具体数字时,用单数形式,在没有确切数目修饰时,可用复数形式,后面可以加of。

   2、基数词变序数词。1、2、3词尾字母t、 d、d; 8后少t, 9减e; 5与 12同ve, ve要用f替,再加th;ie替y后再加th。序数词前经常the,但表示“再一”、“又一”的意思时,序数词前用不定冠词a 或an。

   3、分数表达法。分子用基数词,分母用序数词。分子为“1”时,分母要用序数词的复数形式。分数作主语时,谓语动词的单复数由后面名词的单复数来决定。

   4、数字的日常应用

    (1)日期表示法:表示年月日应为“月份+日期+年份”。(2)时间表示法:整点数字后加“o’clock”,几点几分顺着读;几点过几分,要用past;几点差几分,用to;半小时是“half”,15分钟为“quarter”。(3)编号既可用序数词,也可用基数词。但门牌号、房间号、页码、电话号码等通常用基数词。(4)表示某人“几十岁”要用基数词的复数形式。如:in one’s thirties 三十多岁。(5)对日期(几月几日)的提问常用what’s the date;对时刻(几点几分)的提问一般用what time。

5、由基数词和名词构成的复合形容词,名词用单数。
    6、表示“几个半” 英语中表达“几个半”有两种方法:“数词+and+ a half+名词(复数)”和“数词+名词(复数)+and a half”。

【策略点拨】
    考查数词的常见题型有选择填空、单词拼写和句型转换等。做这类题时,必须要注意基数词和序数词的拼写,分数、不确切数量词间的关系与名词搭配,以及数词在日常生活中的应用等。

【真题再现】
1. There are about two ______ students in the newly built school.     (2006 杭州)
    A. thousand   B. thousands   C. thousand of   D. thousands of
剖析:当hundred, thousand, million, billion等词前有确切数字时,这些词应用单数形式。答案:B
2. The ____question is much more difficult than this one.           (2006 重庆)
  A. sixth         B. six          C. sixteen       D. sixty
剖析:此题考查的是序数词的用法。表示“第……”时,用序数词,序数词前要用定冠词the。 答案:A
3. In the past few years, many tall buildings have been built in our city. The tallest is an ______that stands in the center.                                       (2005 济宁)
A. 80-floor building B. 60-floor building C. 80-floor buildings D. 70-floors building

剖析:此题题眼为the tallest,既然是最高级,说明building要用单数。再看an是用在元音音素前的不定冠词,所以应选由数词和名词单数加连字符构成的复合形容词来修饰名词。答案:A

4. Time is not enough for so much work. ______ people are needed, I think.(2005河南)

A. Other two     B. Only two     C. Two more     D. Two others

剖析:此题上句说明时间短,工作量大,因此判断下文指的是还需要两个人。表示在原有数量上的增加,有another和more两个词,即“another+基数词”,或“基数词+more”。答案:C

6. The _______ man on the left is Beckham, a famous football player. (2006 泸州)

     A. two                B. second              C. three

剖析:本句主要表示man的顺序,序数词前用定冠词the,而且名词man是单数形式,不能接受two three的修饰。答案:B

【现场练兵】

I. 选择填空。

1. 333 reads ___________.

A. three hundred and thirty three    B. three hundreds and thirty-three

C. three hundred and thirty-three    D. three hundred thirty-three

2. The _______ month of the year is February.

A. one          B. first         C. two         D. second

3. The beautiful skirts are on show in the shop, Jane likes _______.

A. the ninth      B. the nineth    C. nine        D. ninth

4. It took me _______ to finish my homework.

A. a half and two hour           B. two hour and a half

C. two and a half hour           D. two and a half hours

5. December is the _______ month of the year.

A. twelve       B. twelveth     C. twelvieth        D. twelfth

6. Tom bought ______ for himself yesterday.

A. two pairs of shoes             B. two pair of shoe

C. two pair of shoes              D. two pairs shoes

7. There are _______ seconds in a minute.

A. fourty          B. forty          C. sixteen      D. sixty

8. Lin Tao gets up at ______ in the morning.

A. half past six     B. six past half    C. past half six   D. half six past

9. December ______ is Christmas.

A. twenty-five     B. the twenty-fifth  C. the twentieth-five  D. twentieth-fifth

10. There are _____ stars in the universe.

A. millions       B. million of       C. millions of       D. million

11. Monday is the _______ day of the week.

A. two          B. second          C. three            D. third

12. Mr. Black left here _____ ago.

A. half a hour     B. half an hour     C. an half hour      D. a half hours

13. There are _____ students in their school.

A. nine hundred       B. nine hundreds        C. nine hundred of    D. nine hundreds of

14. There are _____ words in the text of the _____ Lesson.

A. hundred of, Fifth    B. a hundred of, Fiveth C. hundreds of, Fifth    D. hundreds of, Fiveth

15. We had learned about _____ English words by the end of last term.

A. nine hundreds and forty-five                B. nine hundreds of and forty-five

C. nine hundred and forty-five                D. nine hundred and fourty-five

16.This picture is quite old. We can still see it was drawn in ____ century.

A. sixteen      B. the sixteen     C. sixteenth     D. the sixteenth

17.In ______ Marx began to learn Russian.

A. a 1870      B. the 1870       C. the 1870s     D. his 1870              

18.________ people have visited the famous _______ bridge across the river.

A. Millions; 800-meter-long       B. Millions of; 800-meters-long

C. Million; 800-meters-long       D. Millions of; 800-meter-long

19.—What is 2/3 and 1/4?

—It’s ______.

A.3/7        B.2/3           C.11/12         D.3/4

20.—Which is the smallest number of the four?

—_____________.

A.A half      B. A quarter     C. Two-thirds     D. Three-fourths

21.The water behind the Three Gorges Dam (三峡大坝)should be ______ higher than downstream.

A. sixty-five meter  B. sixty-fifth meter  C. sixty-five meters   D. sixty-fifth meters

22.There are over nine _____ workers in the factory, but ____ of young people hope to work in it.

A. Hundred, hundred  B. hundreds, hundreds  C. hundred, hundreds   D. hundreds, hundred

23. He’ll have to spend ___________ writing his report here.

A. one day or two days   B. one day or two   C. a day or two days    D. a day or two

24.—What’s the date today?

—It’s ______________.

A. March five     B. March the five      C. March fifty     D. March the fifth

25. We’ll have a __________ holiday. What about going to the West Lake?

A. two days        B. two-day           C. two-days        D. two days’

II. 单词拼写

1. August is the e_____ month of a year.

2. We’ll meet at a q______ to eight, that is to say, 7:45 at the bookstore.

3. —Do you know what Taiwan Island was like t______ of years ago?

—Yes. About 20,000-30,000 years ago, it was part of the mainland.

4. Liu Xiang got the ______ (one) in his competition of the 2004 Olympic Games.

5. Look at the photo! The ______(第二个) man from the left is my grandpa.

6. My aunt’s office is on the ______(第六)floor.

7. The Smiths had a big party to celebrate their son’s ______ (二十岁)birthday last Sunday.

8. The boy has collected more than ______ (四十)stamps from different countries.

III.对画线部分提问

1. Jim goes to Tsing Hua University at 8:00 every day.

________________________________________

2. The sweater is fifty yuan.

________________________________________

3. It is two hundred meters from here.

________________________________________

4. My telephone number is 6665028.

________________________________________

5. There are 800 students in our school.

________________________________________

6.She has worked in Jinan for five years.

________________________________________

7. Jackson was born in May, 1970.

________________________________________

8.Today is March 7.

________________________________________

参考答案

I.  1-5 CDADD 6—10 ADABC 11—15 BBACC  16-20 DCDCB  21-25 CCDDB

Ⅱ. 1. eighth  2.quarter  3.thousands  4. first   5.second   6.sixth   7.twentieth   8. forty 

Ⅲ. 1.What time does Jim go to Tsing Hua University every day?  2. How much is the sweater?  3. How far is it from here?  4. What is your telephone number?  5. How many students are there in your school?  6. How long has she worked in Jinan? 7. When was Jackson born?  8. What’s the date today

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