注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

深圳英语家教

深圳潜龙家教 www.szqljj.com

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

我来自山清水秀,人杰地灵的湖南,从事英语家教教学,追求卓越人生,真情待人,热心助人,欢迎八方来客光临!

网易考拉推荐

中考英语同义句转换  

2010-03-12 09:23:11|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

中考英语同义句转换

句型转换是要求学生根据所给的句型,按要求或提示完成考题,考查的是学生对句子结构的构成、变化等方面的知识以及对此类知识的运用能力。该题型首先给出一个完整的句子,再给出一个含有几个空白处的句子,根据不同的要求填入适当的词完成句型转换。句型转换涉及到语法知识的各个方面,在做这种题时,应注意时态、语态、人称、数的变化,特殊疑问词的用法,及助动词的用法等。句型转换考题虽然包括各种句式,但通常以两种形式进行考查:同义型句型转换和条件型句型转换。

    二、同义型句型转换

    同义型句型转换即是用另一种方式来表述与原句相同的句意,也称作同义句转换,主要考查学生对句型及词汇的掌握情况。

【真题引导1】

    I prefer walking there to going by bus.

    I prefer to walk there ___ by bus.

【答案与解析】

    该题考查prefer...to...与prefer...rather than...这两个句型的转换。前者后接动词时用V.+ing形式,而后者则接不定式,并且rather than后的不定式符号要省略。答案:rather than go。

【真题引导2】

    It took Mary two weeks to prepare for the exam.

    Mary ____ two weeks ___ for the exam.

【答案与解析】

    该题考查的是表示“花费时间做某事”的两个句型的转换,take常用的句型是:it takes+时间+ to do...;而spend却是:sb. +spend + 时间 + (in) doing...。答案:spent, in preparing。

【真题引导3】

    I always get up before six o'clock in my school days.

    I __ get up ______ six o'clock in my school days.

【答案与解析】

    根据原句的意思,只有在第二句的两个空白处分别填入never与after,这样才能表达出与第一句相同的含义。这里要注意always的否定副词是never。答案:never, after。

【真题引导4】

    The children are too tired to walk farther.

    They are_____ tired____ they ____ walk farther.

【答案与解析】

    含有too...to的简单句常和so...that 引导的复合句互相转换。但是too...to的本身是否定意义,so...that从句要改为否定。答案:so, that, can't

【真题引导5】

    The girl left her home a few days ago, she has not come back yet.

    The girl has____ from her home for a few days.

【答案与解析】

    第一句意思为“女孩几天前离开家,她现在还未回来”。根据句意可知应用现在完成时。for a few days表示一段时间,在完成时中只能与延续性动词搭配,而leave是非延续性动词。答案:been away

【巩固训练】

1. They say that Mr. Liu can speak German.

    _____ that Mr. Liu can speak German.

2. Can you show me the way to the post office?

    Can you tell me _____ get to the post office?

3. People plant many young trees on both sides of the street each year.

    Many young trees are ____ on ____ sides of the street each year.

4. My parents left home three days ago.

    They have not come back yet.

    My parents____ from home for three days.

5. They knew something about it only after you told them.

    They knew______ about it _____ you told them.

6. If you play basketball here, you may break the windows.

    _____play basketball here, ______ you may break the windows.

7. This is the most enjoyable journey that I have ever heard of.

    I have ______heard of______ an enjoyable journey before.

8. Hot dogs are not so delicious as sandwiches.

    Hot dogs are______ delicious ___sandwiches.

9. Her father bought the car three months ago.

    Her father ______the car for three months.

10. It's good for your health to take exercise often.

    ____ exercise often can make you ______.

11. All the books cost me 365 yuan.

    I ______ 365 yuan ______ all the books.

12. The doctor put down the telephone, left his home at once and hurried to Jim's home.

    After the doctor ______ the phone call, he left his home at once and went to Jim's home as _____.

13. At the end of the meeting his bag was lost.

    He______ his bag when the meeting ______.

14. I like Backstreet Boys. But he likes F4 better.

    He ______ F4 ______ Backstreet Boys.

15. Tom spent two hours in mending the bike.

    It _____ two hours______ the bike.

16. He hardly does wrong in his homework.

    He hardly ______ any ______ in his homework.

17. I will tell you my telephone number after you tell me yours.

    Please tell me your telephone number, ____I____ tell you, ____.

18. The Indian old lady no longer lived there.

    The Indian old lady ______ live there _____.

19. Jane got to school earlier than any other students.

    Jane got to school ______ all the students.

20. My sister prefers reading to going shopping.

    My sister likes______ than going shopping.

 

Keys: 1. It's said 2. how, to 3. planted, both 4. have been away 5. nothing, before

    6. Don't, or  7. never, such 8. less, than 9. has had 10. Taking, healthy11.spent,on12.received,soon as possible 13. couldn't find, was over 14. prefers,to15. took Tom, to mend 16. makes, mistakes 17.or, will not, either18.didn't,any more.19.earliest of 20. reading better

  评论这张
 
阅读(514)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017