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阅读理解与完形填空例题讲解  

2010-03-19 08:33:58|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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阅读理解与完形填空例题讲解


通读下面短文,掌握其大意。然后从短文后各题所给的四个选项中选择最佳的一项。
Once there was a clever farmer Though he was poor, he decided one day to take the king a roast goose (烤鹅) as a present He had not had ____ 1 ____to cat that day, and soon the ____ 2 ____  of the roast goose became too much for him as (当……时) he  ____ 3 ____  it to the king, so he ate one of its legsWhen he came before the king and gave him the goose, the king ____ 4 ____ saw that it had only one legNow, the king ____ 5 ____  was born with one bad leg, so he had never been able to ____ 6 ____  properly (正常地) When he saw the goose with only one leg, he thought the farmer had ____ 7 ____  this to laugh at him Of course he was very ____ 8 ____  The farmer was told that if anybody laughed at the king, he would be ____ 9____  at once"Where is ____ 10 ____  leg of the goose?" the king asked" All the geese (goose 的复数) in this  ____ 11 ____  of the country have one leg only, " the farmer answered"Do you think I'm a fool(傻子)?" the king shouted"____ 12 ____ ," said the farmer, "if you look out of the window, you will see geese with one leg by the  ____ 13____ "The king looked, and there the geese were  ____ 14 ____  on one leg beside the water The king at once told one of his men to  ____ 15 ____  them with a big stick, and of course, they  ____ 16 ____ their other legs and ran away"There, " said the king " You were lying(说谎) That  ____ 17 ____  that the geese here have two legs, like all other  ____ 18 ____  in the country""But it doesn't show anything," answered the farmer, "if your men threw a big stick like that at me, I would grow two  ____19 ____  legs myself to help me to run away ____ 20 ____ "
1 A less B all C little D much
2 A head B neck C smell D temperature
3 A returned B carried C sent D handed
4 A at once B at last C by then D on time
5 A once B really C himself D yet
6 A come B walk C see D eat
7 A kept B done C made D found
8 A sorry B worried C sad D angry
9 A helped B killed C saved D covered
10 A other B another C that D the other
11 A city B village C farm D part
12 A Certainly not B Of course C That's nothing D Never mind
13 A hole B forest C lake D house
14 A swimming B resting C flying D lying
15 A fill B lock C hit D keep
16 A sent up B put down C did with D moved away
17 A shows B talks C sees D knows
18 A geese B animals C legs D farmers
19 A slower B faster C less D more
20 A more slowly B more carefully C faster D earlier
[答案] 1 D 2 C 3 B 4 A 5 C
6 B 7 B 8 D 9 B 10 D
11 D 12 A 13 C 14 B 15 C
16 B 17 A 18 A 19 D 20 C
其中1选 much是应能从文章字里行间中猜到的,它应为much food to eat 而将food 省略。2要知道 smell 可以作系动词,但也可以作名词,而4则为多个短语的词语辨析:at once 立刻, at last 最终, by then 到那时为止,on time 准时。所以应为at once 7则要熟悉英语的习惯用法,即干这件事要用do,而不用make 10之所以要用D则是因为鹅有两只腿,由于只剩一只而问另一只哪里去了,要用特指的定冠词。而 other 则为泛指的形容词,一般指复数, another虽然也指单数,但也应用于泛指的情况。而11题因其后有 of the country, 是在乡村的这个部分,所以只能用part country 是不可数名词作"乡村"讲,作为可数名词则作"国家"讲。而作"乡村"讲时,前面的定冠词不可少。19则是要通读全文才知道鹅一只腿站立体息,而一被哄赶则放下另一只腿跑走了,人是两条腿站着,当被哄赶时那应是再长出两条腿奔跑着逃走。由此可见中考的难题越来越不在语法项,而在阅读和完形上用以选拔高质量的学生。
We were going to play a team from a country school They didn't come until the game time arrived They looked  ____ 1 ____  than we had thought They were wearing dirty blue jeans (仔裤) and looked like farm boys We even thought that they had never seen a basketball beforeWe all sat down We felt that we didn't  ____ 2 ____  any practice (训练) against a team like thatIt was already so late that no  ____ 3 ____  could be given to them for a warmupThe game beganOne of our boys  ____ 4 ____  the ball and he shot (掷) a long pass to our forward (前锋) From out of nowhere a boy in a dirty Tshirt ____ 5____  the pass and with a beautiful form (姿势) he shot and got two points (分)They  ____ 6 ____  usThen they got another  ____ 7____  of points in a minuteSoon it was all over The country team  ____ 8____  usWe certainly learned that even though a team is good, there is usually another  ____ 9 ____  a little better But the important lesson learned was: One can't tell a man, or a team, by the  ____10 ____ 
1 A stronger B younger C worse D less
2 A get B try C use D need
3 A basket B space C ball D time
4 A got B played C missed D carried
5 A caught B changed C started D stopped
6 A surprised B kept C broke D hit
7 A half B pair C group D double
8 A won B saved C beat D joined
9 A just B already C about D almost
10 A Tshirts B clothes C places D points
[答案] 1 C 2 D 3 D 4 A 5 D
6 A 7 B 8 C 9 A 10 B
[析] 在1题中可以看出stronger, younger worse, less 四个选项全可以选,语法是正确的。从文章开始到这里并看不出其原因为什么要选择C,这时只能将其选择空出往后面看,所以提醒考生要注意的是千万不要一一对完形填空作出选择,有很多情况 是后面的情景决定了前面的选择。当看到 We even thought that they had never seen a basketball before 和 We felt that we didn't need (2) any practice against a team like that 则就肯定会得到第一个空的选项决不是比我们强壮,也不可能是少,更不可能是年轻、而是球技不佳,比我们差得很远。而5题是要仔细考虑才能得到正确的结论。这四个动词都可以用在篮球运动中,但要注意的是,其后面的名词是pass,在这里应译为"长传"。而这个长传这里决不是开始,而是被截住了。所以这里应用stopped。 即"拦截了一个长传。"而 caught 的宾语应换为ball球就对了。B 选项为"改变",用于这里就不合题意了。而7项虽然很多人都知道篮球规则,投一球按两分计算,但这里应选哪个词则拿不准了,主要在B选项与D选项之间发生了问题。不知double的真实意义是"加倍,翻一翻"之意,还是"一对,一双,两倍"之意。其困难点还有9项,它的选择应为 just,这是由全文所决定的。它的意思是不论一个队多么好,总会有一个队会比你强出一点儿,哪怕是仅仅一点点。这也就是完形填空不易拿满分之处。这里要提醒大家的是:语言是十分灵活的,要经常不断地学习思考才会有所进步。
Peter was a small boy He lived with his parents in a small house near some hills The people there were all poorOne night it was very dry and windyWhen everybody was asleep, Peter suddenly heard some noise It came out from the kitchen (厨房) He got up and walked to the kitchen He found that the wood beside the stove (火炉) was burning There was no water tap (水龙头) in the house, so he could not put out (扑灭) the fire He shouted loudly to wake up everyone in the house Then he ran out of his house and knocked on the doors of many houses to wake the people up They all left their houses quicklyAt last the fire was put out by the firemen Many houses were burnt But nobody was hurt in the fire
1  Peter lived with his ______ 
A sisters B brothers C uncles D parents

2  One night he found that ______ beside the stove was burning
A the table B the wood C the door D the window

3______  , so he could not put out the fire
A Everybody was asleep B He couldn't shout loudly
C The kitchen was very big D There was no water tap in the house

4  Peter knocked on the doors of many houses ______z
A to wake the people up B to get some water
C to find his classmates D to visit them 
5______  hurt in the fire
A People in other houses were B Peter's parents were
C Nobody was D Peter was 
[答案] 1 D 2 B 3 D 4 A 5 C
[析] 本题属于表层理解阅读考查题目,因为完成其答案所需要的信息基本上可以直接从文章中获取,并不太多的需要推理和对环境,习俗的分析与了解。例如1题可直接从文章中 He lived with his parents in a small…中获取。2 题则可以从 He found that the wood beside the stove was buring 获取答案。3 题几乎是文章中的原句, There was no water tap in the house 所以得分率会很高。4 题也可从文章中:Then he ran out of his house and knocked on the doors of many houses to wake the people up 直接找出答案。5题的答案则可以从文章中最后一句获得,如: But nobody was hurt in the fire。 这样的阅读题目,是属于表层理解题目,也就是为了那些获取毕业成绩的分数所设计的。其目的在于对普通同学给予适当的分以求达到毕业之目的。这样的题目虽然容易,但还是要小心为好,不要粗心大意,以免不必要的丢分。
"You're just in time, Joe We're going to play cowboys (牛仔) and Indians, and you can be the Indians, " one of my cousins (堂兄弟) said"How many Indians?" I asked"Oh, about a thousand," he answered, and before I could say no, I was pushed out into the night and became a thousand Indians Two minutes later I was running in the fields with a group of cowboys behind The shouts of "After them Let's catch the killers!" and other such TVplay language came into my ears as I ran round a corner and hurried into my Grandpa's car"We've got him, boys Let's go and catch him!"But no one wanted to come to get me All of my cousins except one were always very friendly with me It was quiet outside And I went out of the car to have a lookJust then I heard a shout, "Bring the rope (绳子), and we can burn him""Only Indians burn people Cowboys …," I stopped just in time I had almost said, "Cowboys hang (绞死) people"I was tied to a tree, and the cowboys were looking for some wood when my dear mother called, "We're leaving now""Untie me," I shouted "We're going""Why did Bobby want matches (火柴)?" Mum asked when we were in the car "He was asking Dad whether he had any""Oh, he was just going to matches? MATCHES? Are you sure he wanted matches?"Mother was quite sure, and I didn't say any more
1  How many children played the Indians?
A One thousand. B One hundred. C One group. D One.

2  Why did Joe's cousin say that Joe was just in time? Because ______ 
A there were not enough children for the game
B the game was just going to start
C none of his cousins wanted to be the Indians
D they were waiting for Joe
3  Joe didn't say "Cowboys hang people" out because ______
A he was tied to a tree
B that would make things worse
C he was caught by the cowboys
D that would make the cowboys angry 
4  Which of the following is TRUE?
A One of Joe's cousins was looking for matches.
B Dad didn't want to give the children any matches.
C Bobby wanted to get some matches from his father.
D Mum didn't think children should play with matches.

5  The name of the story should be "______ "
A Joe and his cousins
B Who knows what danger is waiting there
C CowboysandIndians is a favourite children's game
D How cowboys and Indians fought in the past 
[答案] 1 D 2 C 3 B 4 A 5 B
[析] 本文在阅读过程中会感到难度,而其问题与选项的设计更为困难。其难点不仅在于要阅读好文章,而且要对问题和问题中的选择项作深入仔细地阅读。如1题的问句之意是有多少个孩子在游戏中扮演印第安人。而文章中又有"How many Indians?" I asked 当作者问到有多少印第安人时,其答语为" about a thousand" 这对于看不懂全文,而只认识个别单词的人就是一种很强的误导作用。因题目中问的是 How many,而文章中的数字是 a thousand 但如果认真往下看则会发现: I was pushed out into the night and became a thousand Indians 我被推入了黑暗之中变成了一千个印第安人。所以文章暗示了一个小孩来扮演一千个印第安人。这种题目的得分率自然不会很高。紧接而来的2题则更困难,问题问的是 Joe 的堂兄说他来的正是时候,是因为 ______。这是要认真去推理来判定的。由文中的句子 and before I could say no …这显然暗示了作者并不想扮演这样的角色,所以可以推论是没有人愿意扮演这个角色,但正在这个时候 Joe 来了,而且不由分说把 Joe 推入了角色之中。而3题则更加困难,其题目之意是"Joe 没有说出牛仔是绞死人"的这一句话是为了什么 ______。从文章中 Joe 被一群孩子追逐后被抓住,十分不高兴,想从中解脱出来。因其他孩子讲我们可以烧死他。所以 Joe 为了摆脱困境而要讲出的话是:"只有印第安人才烧人,而牛仔是用绳子绞死人。"后半句没有讲出来,是因为他看到如果要烧死人还需要找柴,找火柴,还是要一段时间的,但绳子就在他身上,如果绞死人那几乎是立刻马上之事。所以其答案选择了B。 这样的话可能会使事情更糟。4 题的题目是简单的,即下面陈述中那个是真实的。由于中考英语答案是唯一的,所以只有一个是符合标准的。这时可以采用选取正确答案的方法,但实际上更好的办法是排除法。把不正确的排除后再对其他项进行对比,作出选择。这叫作所谓的排除法。首先排除的应是C选项,因文章中讲在他们上车回家的路上妈妈问他:"为什么 Bobby 要火柴,他问爸爸是否有火柴。" 这里的爸爸显然指的是 Joe 的爸爸而不是 Bobby的爸爸。而其他三个选项则都处于可选之例:如A项应为 Joe 的一个堂兄在找火柴。B项是爸爸不想给孩子任何火柴。D项是妈妈认为孩子们不应玩火柴。而B项,在文章中根本没有进述Joe 爸爸的态度,所以应首先放弃,而D项是可以从推理中得到的,要不然他的母亲不会在车上问这个问题,但是文章中并未直接提出来,所以只有A是对的。因其妈妈讲 Bobby 是向 Joe的爸爸寻找火柴。而5项则更是要全文反复阅读才可能领会到其中的原由的。文章的题目要概括全部文章内容,但更重要的是从中抽取最重要的,也就是作者的主要意图。从文章的最后两句,当作者反问他妈妈时说:"他真的在找火柴?火柴、你敢肯定他是在找火柴吗?"妈妈表示十分肯定,而作者再也不讲什么了。显然他感到如果玩下去危险的存在。所以其答案是B。这也就是中考中要求较高的题目,虽然分数不多但对要进入重点高中的学生来说,这是个关键问题,也就是成功与失败的焦点所在。
例:We spent a day in the country and picked a lot of flowers Our car was full of flowers inside! On the way home we had to stop at traffic lights, and there my wife saw the bookshelfIt stood outside a furniture (家具)shop "Buy it," she said at once "We'll carry it home on the roofrack(车顶架) I've always wanted one like that"What could I do? Ten minutes later I was twenty dollars poorer, and the bookshelf was tied on to the roofrack It was tall andnarrow, quite heavy tooAs it was getting darker, I drove slowly Other drivers seemed more polite than usual that evening The police even stopped traffic to let us through Carrying furniture was a good ideaAfter a time my wife said, "There's a long line of cars behind Why don't they overtake(超车)?"Just at that time a police car did overtake The two officers (警官) inside looked at us seriously when they went past But then, with a kind smile they asked us to follow their car through the busy traffic The police car stopped at our village church(教堂)One of the officers came to me"Right, sir,"he said"Do you need any more help now?"I didn't quite understand"Thanks, officer," I said "You've been very kind I live just down the road"He was looking at our things: first at the flowers, then at the bookshelf "Well, well," he said and laughed "It's a bookshelf you've got there! We thought it was-er something else"My wife began to laugh Suddenly I understood why the police drove here I smilcd at the officer "Yes, it's a bookshelf, but thanks again" I drove home as fast as I could
1  From the story we know that ______
A the writer was poor and didn't buy the bookshelf for his wife
B the writer's wife didn't like the bookshelf at all
C the writer was always glad to buy something for his wife
D the writer was not very glad to buy the bookshelf for his wife

2  What made the writer think that carrying furniture was "a good idea"?
A He could drive slowly and it was safe
B Other drivers would let him go first
C His wife could use a new bookshelf
D He could save a lot of money and time 
3  Why were the police and other drivers so kind to the writer?
A Because they thought the writer liked studying very much and needed a bookshelf
B Because they didn't think it was polite to overtake a car with a bookshelf on it
C Because they thought somebody in the writer's family had died and he needed help
D Because they thought it was dangerous to carry a bookshelf on a car

4  Why did the writer's wife begin to laugh?
A Because now she knew what mistake the police had made
B Because at last her husband understood why the police had driven to the church
C Because the officer was always looking at the flowcrs and the bookshelf
D Because the police had helped them a lot 
5  When did the officers begin to realize(意识到)they had made a mistake?
A Before they arrived at the church
B Before they overtook (overtake的过去式) the writer's car
C After one of them looked at the flowers and the bookshelf carefully at the church
D After the writer's family left the church 
[答案] 1D 2B 3C 4A 5C
[析] 这篇文章有英国幽默的味道。英国的幽默是十分特别的,它一般都是讲述一个故事,但当结尾时仅几句话则道出天机来。对于这样的文章要从头认真看到尾,不要在考场中为了赶时间自认为是全懂了,其实则不然。造成不必要的丢分。从1题可以看出作者十分不情愿地为其妻子买了个书架呢。第二段则出现"Buy it"这样的祈使句。初学者不易看出里面的原委。要知道祈使句在对话中常常带有命令,或不客气之意,所以从这里开始已看出作者的情绪了。其后的What can I do?又是一句抱怨的话,"我还能作什么吗?"其后又是一句风趣的抱怨:Ten minutes later I was twenty dollars poorer即暗示十分不情愿地又花了20美元。所以其答案是D。其后2题则是推理题,从作者买了书架之后一连串的奇怪事情发生了。首先是其他的驾驶员开车对他十分的礼貌,甚至警察阻挡其他车辆让他先行。所以其答案是B。第3题则一句道破天机。因为前两件事已使作者感到奇怪了。后来警察竟然亲自驾驶汽车为他开道。而且警察并不知道他要去什么地方就把他带到教堂来了。这是因为英美人一生三件大事都要在教堂做:其一是出生时在教堂洗礼,其二是结婚,其三则是死亡。所以警察不问其由而将他带到教堂是为了帮助他。所以答案是C。当警察讲到We thought it was …er something else?时,显然有个词是不好意思讲出口的,所以道出了文章的真实情况。这时不难对5题作出答复其答案是C。

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