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初中英语词汇学习常见错误分析(F)  

2010-03-23 08:05:02|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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初中英语词汇学习常见错误分析(F)

F
fail 
[误] Tom failed his exam.
[正] Tom failed in his exam.
[正] Tom failed to pass the exam.
[析] fail为不及物动词,其后可用in加名词,或直接接不定式。
family 
[误] I'm sorry I have to go. Tom's families are waiting for me.
[误] I'm sorry I have to go. Tom's family is waiting for me.
[正] I'm sorry I have to go. Tom's family are waiting for me.
[析] family是集合名词,把它当作整体看它是单数,如看作家庭中的每个成员则为复数。如:Your family are very kind to me. My family is very large.
far 
[误] My school is ten miles far from here.
[正] My school is ten miles away from here.
[析] far一般不与实际距离连用。
[误] "Did you walk far?"
"Yes,I walked far." 
[正] "Did you walk far?"
"Yes, I walked a long way." 
[析] 一般肯定句中不用far单独作状语,而用a long way.far组成的常用词组有:as far as. ①远至,一直到。如:He walked as far as the station. ②就……而言。如:As far as he was concerned these books were very good. ③只要。如:I can help you as far as I can. so for到目前为止。例:He is very well so far.
farther further 
far有两个比较级,即farther和further,其意思略有不同:farther主要用于表示距离的远近,如:Milan is farther away than Rome. 而further则是指"进一步的",如:Will we need any further discussion on this matter.
fast 
[误] A fast train runs fastly.
[正] A fast train runs fast.
[析] fast其形容词与副词形式相同。
fast soon 
fast指行动本身的速度快,如:The foreigner speaks too fast. 而soon则多指两个动作之间间隔短,时间到来的迅速,如:She will come soon.
feel 
[误] I feel badly about my mistakes.
[正] I feel bad about my mistakes.
[析] 感观动词如feel, smell等后面要接形容词而不是副词。feel good是指某人精神好,而feel well是指人身体状况良好。
[误] I try not to hurt her feeling.
[正] I try not to hurt her feelings.
[析] feeling在作"感情"讲时要用复数,而作"感觉"讲则要用单数。如:I have a feeling that we will win the game.
few 
[误] Few of them is very good.
[正] Few of them are very good.
[析] few意为"几乎没有",但要用复数谓语动词。如果讲有一些人应用a few, 如:There were only a few people in the street.
[误] There are less farms than there used to be.
[正] There are fewer farms than there used to be.
[析] few的比较级为fewer,其后接可数名词;而little的 比较级为less,其后接不可数名词。
field 
[误] He is a famous scientist on the field of physics.
[正] He is a famous scientist in the field of physics.
[析] in the field是"在田野上"或是"在某一学科领域内",而on the field则多指"在战场上"。如:He lost his life on the battle field.
fill 
[误] She filled orange into my glass.
[正] She filled my glass with orange.
[析] 表示要用某种物品装满某容器时要用fill with词组,如:The boy ran back home filled with joy.
fill full 
fill是动词,但有及物与不及物两种用法,当表示"充满"之意时是不及物动词,应用fill with,如:The little girl's eyes filled with tears. 而当表示"使……装满某物"时,是及物动词,如:He filled his pocket with books. 而be filled with应看作系表结构,如:The boy's mother was filled with anger. full是形容词,要用be full of这一词组,如:The boy was full of joy.
find 
[误] He has finded his lost bike.
[正] He has found his lost bike.
[析] find是不规则动词,其过去式和过去分词均是found。但found一词又意为"建立",它是规则动词,其过去式及过去分词均为founded.
[误] It is very difficult to look for a suitable job.
[正] It is very difficult to find a suitable job.
[析] look for为"寻找",而find是找到。寻找工作并不难,难的应是找到合适的工作。
find find out 
find out意为"找出、算出、发现",如:I have found out how to do it. 而find的主要侧重点在找到某物,如:I find my book under the desk.
finish 
[误] I finished to read that book last night.
[正] I finished reading that book last night.
[析] 英文中有些动词其后只能用动名词作宾语而不能用不定式作宾语,这样的动词在中考范围内有两个,即finish和enjoy。
fire 
[误] There's no smoke without a fire.
[正] There's no smoke without fire.
[析] 此句应译为中文"无风不起浪"。fire作为物质名词"火"讲时为不可数名词,而作为"炉火"、"火灾"讲则是可数名词,如:There was a fire in the next street last month. 如要讲"着火了"要用be on fire, 如:The factory was
on fire.
[误] The man fired to us.
[正] The man fired at us.
[析] fire (on) at均指"向某目标开火",at用于较小目标,而on用于较大目标。
first 
[误] Is this your firstly visit to Beijing?
[正] Is this your first visit to Beijing?
[析] 除了在强调第一、第二、第三等场合中有时还可见firstly一词外,这个词已不多见,而均被first取代。first还有"首先"、"首次"、"第一次"之意。

follow 
[误] I received a letter which ran as follow.
[正] I received a letter which ran as follows.
[析] as follows是惯用法,其意为"如下",不论在任何场合均要用follows.
[误] As follows are his arguments.
[正] The following are his arguments.
[析] as follows主要用于句尾,而the following则用于句首。
food 
[误] Too much sweet food, such as cakes, chocolates,pastry…may increase your weight.
[正] Too many foods, such as cakes, chocolates,pastry…may increase your weight.
[析] food泛指食物时为不可数名词,如:There is no food for supper. 而指一种种食物时则用作可数名词。
foot 
[误] There is a fivefeetwide bridge.
[正] There is a fivefootwide bridge.
[析] 用连字符组成的形容词中所有名词均要用单数形式。
[误] We went to college on feet.
[正] We went to college on foot.
[析] by后面加接交通工具时,不应加任何冠词,不要用名词的复数形式。如加了某些修饰词后,其前面的介词要作适当的改变,如:I came to school in his car yesterday. I go to shool on a train.
for 
[误] I wanted to go to the pub for having a drink.
[正] I wanted to go to the pub for a drink.
[正] I wanted to go to the pub to have a drink.
[析] 用for表示目的时,其后面只能接名词,而不要接动名词。
[误] I went to the office for seeing the headmaster.
[正] I went to the office to see the headmaster.
[析] 用不定式来表示动作的目的。
[误] I will leave Beijing to Shanghai.
[正] I will leave Beijing for Shanghai.
[正] I will leave for Shanghai.
[析] leave for为一固定搭配,不要改动。
[误] I bought a book to you.
[正] I bought a book for you.
[误] He is a friend for us.
[正] He is a friend to us.
[析] 在英文中"为"一词在泛指时用to, 在特指时要用for.
[误] This food is good to us.
[正] This food is good for us.
[析] 词组be good (bad) for 表示"对……有好(坏)处"。
[误] For I was feeling quite hungry, I wanted to have lunch.
[正] I wanted to have lunch, for I was feeling quite hungry.
[析] for作为"因为"讲时一般不要置于句首,而且口气也比because弱的多。
forget 
[误] I left my key.
[正] I left my key at home.
[正] I forgot my key.
[析] leave是"丢下"之意,所以一定要接地点状语,而forget是"忘记",所以不用接地点状语。
[误] I will not forget the rules.
[正] I will never forget the rules.
[误] Please don't forget posting my letter on your way home.
[正] Please don't forget to post my letter on your way home.
[析] 要注意forget to do something为"忘了去作某事",而forget doing something则应译为"对已经作过的事记不起来了"。如:He forget returning the book to the library. 应译为"他忘记已把书还给图书馆这件事了。"同样用法的词还有remember和regret.
free 
[误] You can speak free in front of my parents.
[正] You can speak freely in front of my parents.
[析] free作为副词时意为"免费"、"不必付款",如:You can eat free in my restaurant. 而freely则意为"自由地"、"无限制地"。
French 
[误] She comes from French.
[正] She comes from France.
[析] French是"法语"、"法国的",而France才是"法国"。

friend 
[误] He nodded to me friendly.
[正] He nodded to me in a friendly fashion.
[析] friendly是形容词,不是副词。在英语中应避免讲He is a friend of my mother. 又比如:I go to school with my friend. 从语法上讲是对的但不是习惯上英语的说法。而应讲He is a friend of my mother's. I go to school with a friend. be friends with 则是"交朋友"之意,例如:I hope you will be friends with me. 而不应讲I hope you will be my friend. 交朋友还有一惯用法是make friends.
from 
[误] Where do you come from?I come from the library. 
[正] Where do you come from?I come from England. 
[正] Where did you come from?I came from the library. 
[析] Where do you come from?应意为"你是从什么国家(地方)来的?"(即意为"你是哪的人?")而Where did you come from? 才是"你刚刚从哪来?"
front 
[误] There are three tall trees in the front of my house.
[正] There are three tall trees in front of my house.
[析] in front of是某物体外部的前面,而in the front of是在某物体内部的前面。如:The bus driver is seated in the front of the bus.

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