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过去将来时讲解与练习  

2010-03-04 11:02:28|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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     过去将来时讲解与练习

【用法】

        过去将来时表示在过去某个时间看来将要发生的动作或存在的状态。即:过去将来时是“立足过去,着眼未来”的一种时态, 常用于宾语从句中。判断这种时态的依据是:要有表示过去的“动作”,而不是时间。如:

 I heard that they were going to return to Shanghai soon. 

 我听说他们不久要回到上海。

【构成】

①由助动词“would/should+动词原形”构成,should主要用于主语是第一人称时;would可用于各种人称。如:

Whenever we had trouble, he would come to help us.

不论何时我们遇到困难,他总会给予帮助。

②由“was/were going to+动词原形”构成。如:

No one knew when he was going to come.

没有人知道他什么时候来。

【注意】

①表示“往来”时空变化的短暂性动词如“go, come, arrive, travel, start, begin, leave, move, fly, return, take off”等,通常用过去进行时来表示过去将来。如:

He said they were leaving at seven.

他说他们将于七点动身。

②“was/ were about to +动词原形”,可以表示过去即将发生的事情。 如:

The US said that the war on Iraq was about to start in a week. 美国说伊拉克之战将在一周后打响。

I. 选择填空

(   )1. —What did your son say in the letter?  

         —He told me that he ______ the Disney World the next day.

        A. will visit             B. has visited        

        C. is going to visit   D. would visit

(   )2. I hoped Tina ______ to my birthday party on time the next Wednesday. 

        A. to come  B. is coming

        C. will come  D. was coming

(   )3. Father said that he ______ me to Beijing the next year. 

         A. took   B. would take

         C. takes   D. will take

(   )4. We were not sure whether they ______ more vegetables. 

          A. are going to grow  B. were going to grow

          C. will grow               D. have grown

(   )5. She ______ to work when the telephone rang.

         A. is going     B. will go     

         C. was about to go  D.  is to go

II. 用所给动词的适当形式填空

1. Miss Zhang said she ________(visit) the Great Wall next summer. 

2. She told him that she ________(not stay) here for long.

3. I wasn’t sure whether Lucy_______(come) the next year.

4. The scientists said the world’s population _______ (slow) down in future.

 

                                                                                                

 

Key: I. 1-5 DDBBC

        II. 1. would visit   2. would not stay   3. would come   4. would slow

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