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过去完成时态讲解与练习  

2010-03-05 20:26:22|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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过去完成时态讲解与练习

【含义】

        过去完成时表示在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成了的动作。它表示动作发生的时间是“过去的过去”。 如:

 He asked if you had written to Peter.  他问你是否给Peter写信了。

【结构】

① 基本形式:had + 过去分词。如:

We had reached the top of the hill before midnight. 

在半夜之前我们已登上了山顶。

② 否定形式:had + not + 过去分词。如:

They hadn’t finished the work when we got there.

我们到那儿时,他们还没有完成工作。

③ 一般疑问句形式:had提到句首,回答用Yes, 主语 + had. / No, 主语 + hadn’t. 如:

   —Had he told you to go there earlier yesterday?

     他昨天告诉过你早点儿到那儿吗?

   —Yes, he had. (No, he hadn’t.) 是的,他告诉了。(不,他没有。)

【用法】

① 用在主句为一般过去时的宾语从句中。如:

My father asked me if I had finished reading that book. 爸爸问我是否读完那本书了。

② 用在“after / before / when + 过去时态从句”或有“by+过去时间”的句子中。如:

Mother had already cooked supper before I returned home.

在我回到家前,妈妈已经把饭做好了。

③ 和由for或since 引导的、表示一段时间的短语或从句连用。如:

He had worked in that factory for five years before he moved here.

他搬到这儿前已经在那个厂子工作了五年。

                  

I. 从下面各题所给的四个选项中, 选出最佳选项。

(    )1. —Did you see Mr. Smith when you were in France?  

          —No, when I _____ France, he ______ to China.

        A. had arrived, had gone

        B. arrived to, went

        C. got to, had gone

        D. had got to, would go

(    )2. Tom was disappointed that most of the guests _____ when he _____ at the party.

A. left, had arrived           B. left, arrived 

C. had left, had arrived     D. had left, arrived

(    )3. We ______ four thousand new words by the end of last year. 

A. had learned    B. have learned 

C. learned          D. will have learned

(    )4. They asked me to have a drink with them. I said that it was at least ten years since I ______ a good drink.

A. had enjoyed    B. was enjoying 

C. has enjoyed    D. had been enjoying

(    )5. Catherine ______ the letter before her mother came into her bedroom.

A. has written        B. was written

C. had written       D. is writing

II. 用所给动词的正确形式填空。

1. Mary _____ already _____(try) the dress on before she bought it.

2. I was surprised to find that all my classmates _____(go) to the lab when I _____(get) to the classroom.

3. When she _____ (finish) her work in the office, Mrs. Smith left.

4. Mr. Feng _____ (teach) Unit 16 by the end of last week.

5. Mr. Smith _____(live) in Europe for fifteen years before he _____(go) to Australia.

Key: I. 1-5 CDAAC

        II. 1. had; tried   2. had gone; got   3. had finished   4.  had taught  

             5. had lived; went

                                                                                                           (收集:潜龙家教)

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