注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

深圳英语家教

深圳潜龙家教 www.szqljj.com

 
 
 

日志

 
 
关于我

我来自山清水秀,人杰地灵的湖南,从事英语家教教学,追求卓越人生,真情待人,热心助人,欢迎八方来客光临!

网易考拉推荐

一般过去时  

2010-03-09 14:14:33|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

一般过去时

        一般过去时主要表示过去某时发生的动作或情况。可以从以下几个方面来理解:1)过去某个时间所发生的动作或存在的状态。e.g. I bought a new shirt yesterday. He was a worker two years ago.2)过去一段时间内,经常性或习惯性的动作。e.g. When I was a child,I often played with fire.  Li Lei always walked to school last term.3)谈到已故人的情况时多用过去时。e.g. Lu Xun was a great writer.4)有些发生时间不是很清楚的情况,实际是过去发生的,也应用过去时态。e.g. What did you say?
     另外,还可用过去时表示委婉的语气。e.g. Could you lend me your pen?
     其结构是"主语+动词的过去式"。be动词的过去式为was, were;行为动词的过去式有规则变化和不规则变化两种,规则变化有以下几种情况:1)直接在动词原形末尾加-ed. e.g. work-----worked; ask------asked; 2)以e结尾的动词只加-d. e.g. arrive-----arrived; like-----liked.3)末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed. e.g. shop-----shopped; 4)以"辅音字母+y"结尾的动词,先把y变成i,再加-ed. e.g. carry----carried; study------studied.有些动词变过去式是不规则的,e.g. fly------flew; break-----broke; teach-----taught. 这些需要象生单词一样记住.
     其句式变化分为两种情况1)含有be动词的依然在be上做文章. e.g. I was born in 1980.  I was not born in 1980.  Were you born in 1980? 2)含有行为动词的变否定句要在行为动词前加助动词didn't.,同时把动词变成原形; 变一般疑问句,在句首加助动词did,同时把动词变成原形. e.g. I bought a gift for my mum yesterday.  I didn't buy a gift for my mum yesterday.  Did you buy a gift for your mum yesterday?

其时间状语为yesterday或由其构成的短语,e.g. yesterday morning; 由"last+时间"构成的短语, e.g. last year; 由"时间段+ago"构成的短语, e.g. three days ago; 另外,还有on the morning of Monday, just now等,以及一些表示过去时态的从句.注意,在宾语从句中主句为过去,一般从句也为过去.

    常见错误如下:

    一 把动词变成过去式易出错

    例: 1 They stoped (stop) talking just now.

          2 They plaied (play) football yesterday.

    答案: 1 stopped   2 played

    解析:我们可以记住下面的口诀:"动词变成过去式,双写规律要牢记;y前若是辅音字,y变i加-ed;y前若是元音字,只须直接加-ed."

    二 忘记把动词变成过去式

    例: I fly (fly) kites on the afternoon of Sunday.

    答案: flew

    解析:我们可以记住下面的口诀:"一般过去时态里,过去形式莫忘记".

专项练习:

一 选择

1 She lived there before he____to China.

  A. came  B. comes  C. come  D. coming

2 I _____but_____nothing.

 A . was listened;was hearing   B. listened;heard 

 C . have listened; heard  D. listened; heard of

3 When did you ____here?

 A. got to  B. reached  C. arrive in  D. reach 

4 I____my homework at 7:00 yesterday evening.

 A. finished  B. would finish  C. was finishing  D. finish

5 -He didn't go shopping with you yesterday afternoon, did he?

 - _______.

A. No, he doesn't  B. Yes, he didn't  C. No, he did  D. Yes, he did.

6 -I have had supper.

 - When ____you____it?

 A. have; had  B. do, have  C. did,have  D. will have

答案: 1 A  2 B  3 D  4 A  5 D  6 C

二 填空

1 They____(be) on the farm a moment ago.

2 There____(be)a shop not long ago.

3 Jenny____(not go)to bed until 11:00 o'clock last night.

4 Danny _____(read )English five minutes ago.

5 I _____(see)Li Lei ____(go) out just now.

6 He ____(do)his homework every day. But he __(not do)it yesterday.

7 When I was young, I _____(play)games with my friends.

8 When ____you_____(write)this book?

  I _____it last year.

9 Did he____(have) lunch at home?

10 I _____(eat) the bread, I 'm full now.

答案:1 were  2 was  3 didn't go  4 read  5 saw go

        6 does ; didn't do  7 played  8 did write ; wrote  9 have  10 have eaten

三 在句式变换时易出错

    例: 1 We didn't went (not go) out last Friday.

        2 Did you had (have) a good time yesterday?

    答案: 1 didn't go   2 Did have

    解析:请记住口诀"见助动, 用原形."

    四 易与单三人称作主语的一般现在时弄混

    例: He taughts (teach) me English last year.

    答案: taught

    解析:行为动词的过去式无人称和数的变化.即使主语是单三人称,也和其它人称所用动词的形式一样.

    五 易与现在完成时弄混                                                  

    例: 我看过这部电影

    I saw(see) the film.

    答案: I have seen (see) the film.

    解析:"我看过这部电影"说明我了解这部电影的内容,强调现在的情况,应用现在完成时;

    一般过去时态的句子只是说明我看了这场电影,与现在无关..

    六 易与过去进行时弄混,这里不在重复。

  评论这张
 
阅读(197)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017