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名词所有格分析与练习  

2010-03-09 08:54:26|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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名词所有格分析与练习

       英语有主格、宾格和所有格的概念,人称代词主格和宾格差别明显,但是名词的主格和宾格是没有区别的,所以我们讲到名词的格的时候,一般探讨的只是名词所有格的问题。
 
      名词的所有格:名词的所有格是表示名词所有关系的一种形式,英语中有三种方法表示所有关系:
1、在名词后加’s(或’,当该名词以-s结尾时),如:Tom’s friends, Jim’s watch
2、用of短语构成所有格,如:the size of the shirt衬衫的尺寸(有人把这也算所有格:the key to the door门的钥匙, the keys/answers to the exercises练习的答案)
3、上述两种所有格形式的混合,也叫双重所有格,如:a friend of Tom’s, these pictures of his father’s
常见所有格形式的具体用法:
1、表示有生命意义的名词通常在其后加’s(如名词以字母s结尾,直接加’);表示无生命的名词用of短语表示所有关系。
(有生命)Tom’s bag  a teachers’ college 师范学院
(无生命)the colour of the desk桌子的颜色   a picture of our school 一张我们学校的照片
2、在表示所属物的名词前有冠词、数词、指示代词、不定代词时,用双重所有格表示所有关系,以表示部分概念或带有感情色彩。
This friend of Jim’s is from America.

吉姆的这位朋友来自美国。
Some works of Lao She’s are written in English.
老舍的一些著作是用英语写成的。
3、如名词的定语较长,只能用of短语来表示其所有格。如:Do you know the name of the boy in Class Two? 你知道二班的那位男孩的名字吗?
请大家特别注意下面的示例,做到举一反三:
Lucy和Lily是双胞胎,她们的父亲应该表示成:Lucy and Lily’s father;假如她们有各自的房间,在谈到她们的房间时应该这样表示:Lucy’s and Lily’s rooms;假如她们共有一间房子时,应该说:Lucy and Lily’s room.
在表示某人的家或店铺时(或有上下文对比时),名词所有格后面常常省略它修饰的名词。如:John’s=John’s home, the doctor’s=the doctor’s office这个医生的诊所
My book is new, but Tom’s is old. 我的书是新的,但是汤姆的书是旧的。
以下这点经常在考试中出现:
有些表示时间、距离、国家、城镇等无生命的名词,也可用加(’s或者’)的方法构成所有格。如:today’s news今天的消息, two hours’ walk步行两小时的路程, China’s capital中国的首都

用所给词的适当形式填空:
1.March 8th is __________Day. (woman).

2.Taking twenty __________(分钟) exercise every day is good for your health.

3.The shop sells ____________(妇女) handbags.

4.Teachers in western countries have a __________(三个月的) holiday in a year.

5.I’ll give my English teacher a card for ____________Day. (teacher)

6.It’s only ten __________walk from the station to the hotel. (minute)

7.It’s an __________(hour) ride from here to the museum.

Answers:

1.Women’s 2. minutes’ 3. women’s  4. three months’  5. Teachers’  6. minutes’  7. hour’s

选择填空:

1.----How’s Joy’s skirt?

----Her skirt is more beautiful than ________.

A.her sister’s and Kate   B.her sister and Kate   C.her sister and Kate’s    D.her sister’s and Kate’s

2.This is _______ room. The twin sisters like it very much.

A.Lucy’s and Lily’s   B.Lucy’s and Lily    C.Lucy and Lily’s

3.In ______ time, those mountains will be covered with trees, too.

A.few years      B.a few years’  C.a few year     D.a few year’s                        

4.We will have a ___________holiday after the exam.

A. two month     B. two–month  C. two month’s    D. two–months

5.Did you hear the ___________report?

A. policemen    B. policemen’s   C. policemens’    D. policemens

6.It’s about __________walk from my home.                        

A. ten minute   B. ten minutes’    C. ten minute’s    D. ten minutes

7.This is my dress. That one is ______________.

A. Mary    B. Mary’s      C. sister     D. mother

8.Every morning Mr. Smith takes a ________ to his office.

A. 20 minutes walk   B. 20 minute’s walk   C. 20-minutes walk    D. 20-minute walk  9.Where is ___________ sweater ? I can’t see it.  

A. Lucy    B. Lucys    C. Lucy’s        

10.__________ mothers made them have piano lessons.

A. Peter and Anne      B. Peter’s and Anne’s  C. Peter’s and Anne     D. Peter and Anne’s

11.The room on the right is ________.

A. her   B. she     C. Lucy’s    D. Lucy

12.We’ll have a ____________ holiday. What about going to the West Lake?

A. two days   B. two-day   C. two-days   D. two-days’(两天的假期:two days’ holiday/two-day holiday)

13.The market isn’t far from here. It’s only ___________ bicycle ride.

A. half an hours’   B. half an hour’s   C. half an hour     D. an hour and a half

14.Where’s your father ? At _________.

A. Mr Green’s   B. Mr. Green      C. the Mr. Green’s

15.The twin brothers always put small presents in ___________stockings on Christmas Day.

A. each other’s    B. each other    C. each others    D. each others’

16.My father will have a _________ holiday next month. He’ll take me to Qingdao.

A. ten days   B. ten days’   C. ten-days       D. ten day’s

17.Where have you been these days?

I have been to Bei Daihe with a friend __________.

A. in Chinese   B. of Japan   C. of American’s    D. from Canada

18.When we saw the film Hero, I sat between Ted and Ben. That is to say my seat was between ____________.

A. Ted and Ben   B. Ted’s and Ben   C. Ted and Ben’s   D. Ted’s and Ben’s

19.It is said that SARS has killed more than _______________ people worldwide.

A. three hundreds      B. three hundreds’       C. three hundred’s        D. three hundred

20.Kate won the _______ race in the summer sports meeting.

A. 100-metre   B. 100-metres   C. 100 metre     D. 100 metre’s (同12题)

21.Whose bike is it ? It’s ____________.

A. John    B. John’s     C. Johns’     D. Johns

22.I’ll give you ________to finish the work. OK.

A. two week’s time     B. two weeks’ time    

 C. two week time       D. two weeks time

23.________ desk is the cleanest in the classroom.

A. Ann’s and Tom     B. Ann and Tom’s      C. Ann and Tom     D. Ann’s and Tom’s

24.My pen is black. _________ is blue.

A. Kates     B. Kate          C. Kate’s

25.Is this your room?  No, it’s _________room.

A. the children       B. the children’s   C. of the children     D. the childrens’

26.Who is the man in the blue car?  He is __________ father.

A. Kate’s and Mary’s   B. Kate and Mary’s     C. Kate and Mary      D. of Kate and Mary

Answers:1-5 DCBBB      6-10 BBDCB       11-15 CBBAA      16-20 BDDDA      21-26 BBBCBB

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