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一般过去时详细讲解与练习题  

2010-07-09 20:09:43|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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  一般过去时详细讲解与练习题    

一、巧记一般过去时:

动词一般过去时,表示过去发生的事;be用was或用were, have,has变had;

谓语动词过去式,过去时间作标志;一般动词加-ed,若是特殊得硬记。

否定句很简单,主语之后didn’t添;

疑问句也不难,did放在主语前;           不含be动词时

如果谓语之前有did,谓语动词需还原;

动词若是was,were,否定就把not添。           含be动词时

疑问句也不难,要把was,were放在主语前。

二、be的一般过去时:学习动词be的一般过去时,下面有一口诀,它可以帮你们更好地掌  

    握动词be的一般过去时。  be的过去时有四巧:

    一是时间状语巧, 表示过去的短语要记牢;

    二是形式巧,单数was,复数were;

    三巧是否定句结构,not紧跟was/were;

    四是疑问句式巧,was/were向前跑(提前)。

【一巧】时间状语(即标志词)巧。一般过去时表示过去发生的动作或存在的状态,恰巧   

       与表示过去的一些时间状语连用。

【二巧】形式巧。它与一般现在时一样,形式多样:当主语是第一人称单数或第三人称单

        数时,谓语动词用was;主语是第二人称或其他人称复数时,谓语动词用were。

        例如: I was in the classroom yesterday morning. 昨天早上我在教室里。

                   He was at school last Tuesday. 上周二他在学校。

                   They were over there a moment ago. 刚才他们在那边。

【三巧】否定句结构巧。与动词be的一般现在时一样,它在动词后面加not即可变成否定

        句,并且was, were与not可以缩写成wasn't, weren't。即:

        主语 + wasn't/ weren't + 表语 + 其他。例如:

             I was not (=wasn't) here yesterday. 昨天我不在这儿。

             My parents were not (=weren't) at home last Sunday. 上周日我父母不在家。

【四巧】 疑问句式巧。把was, were提到句首,句末用问号即可变为一般疑问句。即:

         Was(Were) + 主语 +表语 + 其他?这恰巧与动词be的一般现在时的疑问句

         式相似。例如:  Were you at home the day before yesterday﹖ 前天你在家吗?

                             Was she late this morning﹖今天早上她迟到了吗?

         更巧的是疑问句的答语也相似,肯定回答用“Yes, 主语+was/were.”;

                                     否定回答用“No,主语+wasn't/weren't.”。

             例如:—Were Wei Hua and Han Mei here just now﹖ 刚才魏华和韩梅在这儿吗?

                   —Yes, they were. (No, they weren't.) 是的,她们在。(不,她们不在。)

一、单项选择: 从下列各题后所给的四个选项中选择最佳答案填空。(10)

(   )1. My father______ill yesterday.

         A. isn't   B. aren't      C. wasn't  D. weren't

(   )2. ______your parents at home last week﹖

         A. Is       B. Was          C. Are  D. Were

(   )3. The  twins______in Dalian  last year. They______here now.

         A. are; were    B. were; are   C. was; are        D. were; was

(   )4. ______your father at work the day_____yesterday(前天)﹖

         A. Was; before     B. Is; before     C. Was; after      D. Is; after 

(   )5. —Who was on duty last Friday﹖

         —______.

         A. I am       B. I was     C. Yes, I was       D. No, I wasn't

(   )6.  I cleaned my classroom ___________.

        A   with three hours     B   three hours ago  

       C    in three hours      D    three hours before

(   ) 7. I came _______ my house two days ago .

      A   back on        B   back to          C    to back         D   back

(   ) 8 .   ___________?  He did some reading at home.

     A What does your father do yesterday evening 

     B  What does your brother do in the school

     C What did your brother do over the weekend  

     D  Where did your brother go last Sunday

(   ) 9. What did you do ________ ? I went to the movies.

     A next morning   Bover the weekend  C  in the weekend  D next Monday

(    ) 10.  The koala sleeps _______,but gets up _________.

     A   during the day; at the evening                B   at day ;during night

     C   in the day ;during the evening                 D   during the day ; at night

二、请用正确动词形式填空。(10)

1. I _________ (have) an exciting party last weekend.

2. _________ she _________(practice) her guitar yesterday?      No, she _________.

3. What ________ Tom ________ (do) on Saturday evening?

  He ________(watch) TV and __________(read) an interesting book.

4. They all _________(go) to the mountains yesterday morning.

5. She _________(not visit) her aunt last weekend.

  She ________ (stay) at home and _________(do) some cleaning.

6. When ________ you _________(write) this song? I __________(write) it last year.

7. My friend, Carol, ________(study) for the math test and ________(practice) English last night.

8. ________ Mr. Li __________(do) the project on Monday morning? Yes, he _________.

9. How _________(be) Jim's weekend? It _________(be not) bad.

10. ________ (be) your mother a sales assistant last year? No. she __________.

三、翻译下列句子(20)

1. 我过了一个忙碌但却刺激的周末。

  I _________ _________ __________ __________ exciting weekend.

2. Jenny喜欢看书。昨晚她看了一本英语书。

  Jenny likes _________ __________. She _________ an English book last night.

3. Emma每天都看电视。可是昨天他没有看。

  Emma__________ TV every day. But he _________ ________ ________ yesterday.

4. 上周六他们做什么了?他们做作业和购物了。

   What ________ they _________ _________ Saturday?

   They _________ __________ homework and _________ __________.

5. 今天早上方方得做饭,因为他父亲不在家。

  This morning Fangfang ____ ____ ____ ____ because his father _____ _____ ____ yesterday.

6. 你还有什么要说的? What _______ would you like _______ _______?

7. 放学别忘了向老师说声再见。 Don’t forget ______ _______ _______ _______ the teacher.

8. 为什么你昨晚没有看电视? Why _______ you _______ TV last night?

9. 他在打扫教室的时候,发现地上有块表。

   When he ______ the classroom, he ______ a watch on the ground.

10. 他什么时候出生的?1980年。 ---When _______ he _______? ---_______ 1980.

四、改写句子:(20)

1、Lucy did her homework at home.(改否定句)Lucy ________ _______ her homework at home.

2、He found some meat in the fridge(冰箱).(变一般疑问句)

  ___________ he __________ ___________ meat in the fridge?

3、There was some orange in the cup.(变一般疑问句)_______ there _______ orange in the cup?

4. Frank read an interesting book about history. (一般疑问句)

  _______ Frank _______ an interesting book about history?

5. Why not go out for a walk? (同义句) _______ ________ ________ out for a walk?

6. Thomas spent RMB 10 on this book. (否定句) Thomas______ _____RMB 10 on this book.

7. My family went to the beach last week. (划线提问)

  ________ ________ ________ family _______ last week?

8. I think she is Lily’s sister. (否定句。注意否定转移)____________________

9. Sally often does some reading in the morning. (否定句)

  Sally _______ often ______ some reading in the morning.

10. He is a tall, thin boy. (划线提问) _______ _______ he _______ ________?

五、 改错题(20)

1.How is Jane yesterday? _____________________

2.He go to school by bus last week. ____________________________

3.He often goes home at 6:00 last month. ____________________________

4.I can fly kites seven years ago. ______________________________

5.Did you saw him just now. ____________________________________

6.Tom wasn’t watch TV last night. ____________________________________

7.I didn’t my homework yesterday. ____________________________________

8.He wait for you three hours ago. ____________________________________

9.Who find it just now ? ________________________________________

10.What make him cry (哭) just now? __________________________________

六、完形填空(10)

   Tom did not like doing his homework,because he liked to do some 1 things after school.And his teacher always 2 a lot of mistakes in his homework.

   Then one day,his maths teacher 3 at Tom’s homework and saw that he got all his answers right.He was very 4 and surprised(惊奇).The next morning before class,he called Tom 5 his desk and 6 to him,“You got all your homework right this time.Did your father help you?”Sometimes Tom’s father helped him with his homework, 7 this time he didn’t help Tom because he 8 at home.So Tom answered,“NO,Sir.He Was busy last night,so I 9 to do it 10 .”

( )1.A.others B.another C.the other D.other

( )2.A.made B.found C.looked at D.looked

( )3.A.laughed B.knocked C.looked D.saw

( )4.A.please B.pleased C.pleasure D.sad

( )5.A.to B.for C.in D.at

( )6.A.talked B.asked C.spoke D.said

( )7.A.and B.but C.so D.or

( )8.A.isn’t B.won’t be C.wasn’t D.can’t be

( )9.A.wanted B.mustn’t C.liked D.had

( )10.A.itself B.of them C.myself D.himself

七.写作(10)。 日记一则,字数50---60。 记叙一天的活动:

1.早晨起床,吃饭,上学;

2.上午的课程,并就其中一堂课进行描述;

3.午休的活动;

4.下午的课程及作业;

5.  晚上的安排。

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

答案:

一、单项选择:1---5 CDBAB      6----10  BBCBD

二、1.had         2. Did; practice; didn't

3.did; do; watched; read       4.went         5.didn't visit; stayed; did

6.did write; wrote        7.studied; practiced    8. Did; do;did

9.was; wasn't       10. Was; wasn't

三、1.spent a busy but            2.reading books; read

3.watches; didn't watch TV     4.did; do last; did their; went shopping

5.had to cook breakfast; wasn't at home     6.else; to say;       7.to say goodbye to

8.did; watch       9.cleaned; found      10.was; born; In

四、1.didn't do       2. Did; find any      3. Was; any

4. Did; read      5. Why don't you go     6.didn't spend

7.where did your; go      8. I don't think she is Lily's sister

9.doesn't; do.            10. What does; look like

五、1.is------was        2.go-------went      3.goes------went

4.can-------could      5.saw------see      6.wasn't -------didn't

7.在didn't后加do    8.wait--------waited     9.find------found  

10.make-------made

六、1----5 DBCBA     6------10 DBCDC

七、写作(略)

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