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我来自山清水秀,人杰地灵的湖南,从事英语家教教学,追求卓越人生,真情待人,热心助人,欢迎八方来客光临!

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中考英语常见错误系列(下)  

2010-08-31 17:28:39|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中考英语常见错误系列(下)

mend 

  [误] I want to have my bike mended.

  [正] I want to have my bike repaired.

  [析] mend意为"缝补",如: My mother mended my coat. 而repair是"修理"。

  mind 

  [误] Could you mind to close the door?

  [正] Could you mind closing the door?

  [误] Try to make up your mind studying hard.

  [正] Try to make up your mind to study hard.

  [析] mind用作动词时,其后加动名词;而用作名词意为"下定决心"时,其后要加不定式。 要注意Do you mind if I smoke?的答语: 如果你不介意,应回答"No, go ahead."如果你不想让对方吸烟,则应讲"Yes, please don't."

  miss 

  [误] I found my bag missed.

  [正] I found my bag missing.

  [析] missing为形容词,其意为"不见了"、"丢了"。在句中用作宾语补足语时不要误用missed,它作动词时多为及物动词,要接名词或动名词,而不接不定式。如: I missed the first train, I don't want to miss seeing the famous football player.在作补足语讲某物"不见了"时有missing, gone, lost等,如: I found my bag missing (gone, lost).

  mistake 

  [误] I took your pen by wrong.

  [正] I took your pen by mistake.

  [析] by mistake是"错拿了"、"误拿了"你的东西。Wrong意为"错误",而by mistake为"弄混了"。如:

  [误] If I'm not wrong, you are Mr Brown.

  [正] If I'm not mistaken, you are Mr Brown. (如果我没弄错的话,您是Brown先生。)

  [误] The teachers always mistook me as my brother.

  [正] The teachers always mistook me for my brother.

  [析] mistake…for…是"错把……当作……"之意,如: I took your book for mine.

  more 

  [误] This book is more better than that one.

  [正] This book is much better than that one.

  [析] 不能用比较级来修饰比较级,而应用much, rather等来修饰比较级。

  [误] More you read, more you learn.

  [正] The more you read, the more you learn.

  [析] 在"越……越……的"表达法中,形容词的比较级前要加定冠词。请注意more than one这个词组的后面要跟单数名词和单数谓语动词。如: More than one student is going to do part time job after school.

  no more than not morethan 

  no more than应译为"只不过"、"才",如: He wrote no more than three books. 即他真正写了三本书。而not more than则意为"不会多于",如: He wrote not more than three books. 即他写的书不会多于三本。又如: He is no shorter than you. 应译为"你和他都不矮",而He is not shorter than you. 才应译为"他比你高。"

  most 

  [误] Most of students are good at English.

  [正] Most of the students are good at English.

  [正] Most students are good at English.

  [析] most of这一结构后面的名词前一定要有一个限定词。

  [误] My friends are most teachers.

  [正] My friends are mostly teachers.

  [析] mostly意为"大部分的","主要的"。

  much 

  [误] The boy was asleep very much.

  [正] The boy was fast asleep.

  [析] 不是所有的形容词都可以用very来修饰,如fast asleep意为"熟睡",则是固定搭配。像interesting, exciting, surprising这些形容词化的现在分词,以及tired, interested这些形容词化的过去分词则要用very来修饰。

  must 

  [误] He must be in the office, and mustn't go home.

  [正] He must be in the office, and can't go home.

  [析] must加动词原形为对事情的肯定推测,而否定的推测则要用can't加动词原形。

  [误] It must have rained now.

  [正] It must have rained yesterday.

  [析] "must+have+过去分词"为对过去发生事情的推测。这句话应译为"昨天一定是下雨了。"又如: I must go and call him. He must have forgotten it.

  must have to 

  must用来表示说话者觉得某件事有必要去做,如I must stop smoking. 其意为:我自己认为我要戒烟;而have to则多用来表达由于来自外界的因素而不得不去做的事,如: I have to go to school tomorrow.must无过去式,当用在讲过去某件必须要做的事时要用had to, 如: When I was young, I had to go to the factory.在否定句中mustn't意为:一定不要做某事,如: You mustn't tell this to Tom. 而haven't to则多意为没有必要去做,如: You don't have to tell this to Tom. 而英语中多用needn't 来取代haven't to.

  myself 

  [误] I can't play pingpong myself.

  [正] I can't play pingpong by myself.

  [析] 第一句并无语法错误,myself为"我亲自要去",而by myself为"独自一人"。这句话要表达的意思是"我一个人无法打乒乓球。"而I want to play pingpong myself. 应译为"我自己想去打乒乓球。"

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