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中考英语常见错误M系列(上)  

2010-09-01 17:18:37|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中考英语常见错误系列(上)

make 

  [误] The little boy was made repeat the whole story.

  [正] The little boy was made to repeat the whole story.

  [误] The father made his son to do his homework from morning till night.

  [正] The father made his son do his homework from morning till night.

  [析] make 的句型为"make somebody do (doing) something".但在被动语态中原来被省去的不定式符号to要被还原回来。

  [误] I always do this mistake.

  [正] I always make this mistake.

  [析] 英语中do和make是十分不易弄清的两个动词,do常用于谈论工作时或某种不确定的活动时,如: do a favour(帮个忙),do one's best(竭尽全力),do good(有益), do harm(有害),而多数情况下常用make, 如: make a suggestion, make a cake, make a bed(收拾床),make a noise, make money等等。

  [误] This wine was made of grapes.

  [正] This wine was made from grapes.

  [析] 当成品制成后,其原料的性质有所改变时应用make from,否则用make of, 如: This door was made of iron.

  [误] Hard work can often make up a lack of intelligence.

  [正] Hard work can often make up for a lack of intelligence.

  [析] make up是"创造"、"编织",而make up for是"弥补……的不足之处"。上句应译为"勤奋工作可以弥补天资的不足。"

  [误] We made up our mind to study hard.

  [正] We made up our minds to study hard.

  [析] mind这里是可数名词,使用时要特别予以注意make up one's mind是"下定决心"之意。

  [误] Our class is made of twenty girls and twentyone boys.

  [正] Our class is made up of twenty girls and twentyone boys.

  [析] make up of…是"某物由……组成或构成"。

  many 

  [误] I have many friends.

  [正] I have a lot of friends.

  [析] many和much多用于疑问句或否定句中,而在肯定句中则用处不多,尤其在非正式谈话中。如:

  -How much money have you got?

  -I've got plenty.

  [误] You bought much too tomatoes.

  [正] You bought too many tomatoes.

  [析] too many后接可数名词,too much后接不可数名词,而much too后面接形容词,意为"太多"。

  [误] For many a weeks it rained a lot.

  [正] For many a week it rained a lot.

  [析] many a意为"好多"、"许多",但其后面要加单数名词

  。

  matter 

  [误] No matter what you did.

  [正] No matter what you did, I trusted you.

  [析] No matter是个词组,意为"不论",它的语法功能是起连接作用,所以不能用于一个单独的句子。

  it doesn't matter这个词组则不是一个连接词组,所以可以和一个单句连用,如: It doesn't mater what you say. (你说什么都不要紧。)

  maybe 

  [误] May be he is right.

  [正] Maybe he is right.

  [析] maybe是副词,不要错用为may be.

  maybe perhaps 

  这两个词的词意一样,maybe常用于非正式谈话,而perhaps则多用在正式文体中。如: Maybe/Perhaps the weather will get better. 而Julius Caesar is perhaps the greatest of Shakespeare's early plays.

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