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2010年高考英语模拟试题(七)  

2010-09-18 14:42:56|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2010年高考英语模拟试题(七)

命题:尹新城 刘永刚 赵风清 宋秋香 陈金伟
满分:150分  时间:120分钟
第一卷(三部分,共115分)
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. Why was the woman late?
A. Because of heavy traffic.
B. Because she missed the bus.
C. Because she had car trouble.
2. When is the train leaving?
A. At 7:20.      B. At 7:30.       C. At 7:40.
3. What does the woman mean?
A. She dislikes picnics.
B. She won’t go with the man.
C. She will go on a picnic tomorrow.
4. What does the man probably do?
A. A taxi driver.    B. A postman.    C. A policeman.
5. Why does the man look pale?
A. Because he is ill.  B. Because he lost his keys. C. Because he didn’t sleep well.

第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. Where are the two speakers probably?
 A. In a cinema.     B. At the station.     C. At Jeff’s home.
7. Why does Kate have to leave at that time?
 A. She doesn’t like to stay there.
 B. She has lots of work to finish.
C. She doesn’t want to make her mother worried.
听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。
8. What does the man want to mail?
 A. Some tapes and books.
 B. CDs and some clothes.
 C. Some pictures, books and CDs.
9. How long will it take if the package goes by ordinary mail?
 A. About two weeks.    B. About four weeks.   C. About sixteen days.
10. How much does the man have to pay altogether?
 A. $40.       B. $65.     C. $75.
听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。
11. What are the main products of the factory?
 A. Tractors and cars.    B. Bicycles and trucks.     C. Tractors and trucks.
12. How many trucks does the factory produce a year?
  A. 9,600.       B. 18,000.      C. 15,000.
13. Which of the following areas are their products sold to?
  A. African countries.   B. Some North American countries.  C. Some Asian countries.
听第9段材料,回答第14至17题。
14. What is the man looking for?
  A. A supermarket.      B. A police station.      C. A gas station.
15. Where is the nearest service station?
  A. Next to a supermarket.  B. Next to a bank.   C. On the right of a stop sign.
16. How will the man pay at the service station?
  A. By cheque.       B. In cash.      C. By credit card.
17. What does the woman advise the man to buy?
 A. A handbook.       B. A credit card.      C. A map.
听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。
18. What do we know about students in Korea?
 A. They don’t learn much in school.
B. They do what they want in school.
 C. They have a lot of respect for their teachers.
19. What are Young’s and Sun’s ideas and feelings?
  A. Korean.   B. American.   C. Half Korean and half American.   
20. What does Tae Ho do on Saturdays?
  A. Taking piano lessons.   B. Playing baseball.
C. Helping his mother and father in the store.

选做题:根据你所听到的信息完成下面表格中第18至20题。每小题不超过三个单词。

Young and Sun
The reasons for their
worries In Korea, children 18. _______ their teachers very much.
In America, children do what they want to in school; some of them don’t learn much.
Their ideas and feelings Their ideas and feelings are traditional, while the children’s are half Korean and half American.

Their children
Tae Ho He is twelve years old and wants to be 19. ________; he loves maths and likes to play baseball.
Soo Jin She is seven years old; she likes music and takes 20. ______ every week.

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 单项填空(共15题;每小题1分,满分15分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
21. Under _________ guidance of Qian Xuesen, China finished _________ plan to develop jet and rocket technology.
  A. the; /     B. /; /     C. /; the    D. the; the
22. “China has a long way to go before it becomes modernized,” Premier Wen said, _________ that we must always be clear-headed about it.
A. to stress   B. having stressed C. stressing   D. stressed
23. Sometimes reality is _________ of a stranger than fantasy.
A. more    B. much    C. little    D. most
24. You were my _________ when I was weak; you were my voice when I couldn’t speak.
  A. ability   B. strength    C. energy    D. force
25. All things _________, nothing remains of its former glory.
  A. have passed   B. passed C. had passed   D. passing
26. Under no condition _________ control of other countries in the future.
A. China seeks  B. will China seek C. China sought  D. seeks China
27. On rainy days, accidents _________ happen sometimes on steep roads.
A. should   B. shall    C. must    D. can
28. Many female soldiers cried _________ they left their drill camps in Beijing after the National Day last year.
A. while    B. since    C. as     D. until
29. China’s GDP grew by 7.1 percent in the first half of last year, _________ proved its economic policies were effective.
A. it     B. that     C. what     D. which
30. Having decided to rent a flat, we ________ contacting all the real-estate agencies in the city.
  A. set about  B. set down  C. set out   D. set up
31. Imagine _________: you have been admitted to one of the top universities in China ahead of time. How do you feel?
  A. this     B. that    C. it      D. one
32. When I saw Mum nod _________ to me, I calmed down and went on with my performance.
A. obviously B. amazingly   C. increasingly  D. encouragingly
33. US President Barack Obama _________ a speech at a meeting with Chinese youths during his visit to China last year.
  A. addressed   B. delivered    C. spoke   D. recited
34. — I hear Peterson was badly injured in the accident.
— _________, let’s go and see him.
A. What’s more   B. If so   C. If possible   D. When necessary
35. — Excuse me. Can you spare me a few minutes?
  — _________?
A. What’s on  B. How about you C. What’s up D. How are you

(浙江)
1. The boy rushed into the room as if _________ something, but when he found his father sitting at the table, he stood still.
  A. to look for   B. has looked for C. looked for   D. had looked for
2. By the end of last month, two modern hotels ________ in that coastal city.
A. have been completed        B. were being completed
C. had been completed         D. would be completed
3. It is _________ she has the advantage of knowing many languages _________ she’s got the job.
  A. because; that  B. as; that    C. why; that   D. because; /
4. You are always saying that Peter is reliable and never tells a lie, but this is ________ I disagree.
A. why     B. how     C. what     D. where
5. “Do you expect there _________ a possibility that we shall be able to afford the cottage?” the newly-married wife asked her husband.
  A. to be    B. be    C. being   D. been
1. A。考查动词不定式。as if 后接动词不定式作目的状语。根据句意:“这个男孩急冲冲地跑进房间,似乎要找什么东西,……”可知,答案为A。
2. C。考查时态。据句子里面的时间状语标志By the end of last month可知,用过去完成时,故答案为C。
3. A。考查强调句型。It is / was + that 结构为强调句型。强调原因状语从句时,原因状语从句由从属连词because引起,故答案为A。
4. D。考查表语从句。where引导的从句在句子中作表语。根据句意“你总是说Peter十分可*,从不撒谎,但就是这一点我不敢苟同”可知,答案为D。
5. A。考查动词不定式。expect 后接动词不定式作宾语。expect there to be … 表示“指望有……”,故答案为A。

第二节 完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)难度:中
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
Like most kids, I suppose, I mistreated bugs (虫子) terribly. And I have often  36  that many adults do this mindlessly, killing them for no  37 .
With the weather getting warmer, more bugs are getting into our  38 . We also spend more time in “their area”, as we  39  the great outdoor activities. We find ourselves reaching for the fly swatter (苍蝇拍) and insecticides (杀虫剂) to  40  them. But why do we do this? Most insects are not a  41  to us, but we kill them anyway.
As a young adult, I found myself  42  my treatment of bugs. It is a  43  issue that we should think more about it. I remember reading a  44  about a mother who saw her daughter kill a spider. The mom  45  asked the child, “Now who’ll take care of that spider’s children? Who would take care of you if someone killed me?” It was a(n)  46  lesson to the child. The girl never did that from then on.
All creatures play a  47  in nature, and our world wouldn’t be balanced without insects. If we can treat them  48 , we can treat all other creatures that way. The more I learned about the unique behaviors and purposes of insects, the more I  49  their place in the world. I have become someone who wouldn’t  50  a fly. The more I have practiced, the better I’ve become at  51  flies with my hand and sending them back outside where they’ll be  52 , because they belong to the outside world.
Many of my friends and family think what I have  53  is pretty strange. I’m OK with that  54  I think it’s pretty strange for people to mistreat other creatures. If we could be a good example for our kids, perhaps they’d  55  to be kind adults and help make this a kind world to live in.
36. A. supported   B. accepted   C. supposed   D. found
37. A. advice   B. reason   C. hope   D. rule
38. A. hands   B. stories   C. houses   D. cities
39. A. enjoy    B. collect    C. receive    D. imagine
40. A. get away with  B. pay for   C. get rid of    D. turn to
41. A. signal    B. threat   C. kindness   D. help
42. A. questioning   B. following   C. loving   D. improving
43. A. physical    B. legal    C. biological   D. moral
44. A. book    B. story    C. map   D. letter
45. A. pitifully   B. happily    C. simply   D. foolishly
46. A. powerful    B. disastrous C. terrible   D. interesting
47. A. game     B. trick     C. ball    D. role
48. A. kindly    B. normally   C. patiently    D. formally
49. A. regretted   B. appreciated   C. remembered  D. doubted
50. A. respect   B. save    C. drive     D. hurt
51. A. throwing    B. raising    C. catching    D. beating
52. A. happier    B. stronger    C. healthier    D. busier
53. A. dreamed   B. done    C. studied   D. expected
54. A. if    B. though    C. so    D. because
55. A. jump up   B. grow up    C. keep up    D. get up

第三部分 阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
A难度:易
I am grateful for lots of lessons my father taught me. Had it not been for him, I wouldn’t be half the man I am. But there is one lesson, for which I am extremely appreciative, that stands apart from the others.
This lesson wasn’t taught on purpose. It was accidental. It wasn’t a conversation or shining example of what to do. It was a mistake — a costly mistake. There are things, however, that are seldom learned unless a mistake is made.
My father was my childhood hero, so it was pretty hard for me to accept my parents’ divorce. But that was nothing compared to what was coming. When I was 15 he told me that he was addicted to drugs. I remember standing there in complete disbelief thinking to myself, “My dad is taking drugs! Now you’re not my father. You’re a cheater!” Pain and confusion filled the air. I wanted to cry, but I couldn’t. Too much anger. Too much resentment (怨恨).
For a few years he battled his addiction and I, along with my two little brothers and three little sisters, battled our emotions. Eventually, we all won. The day my dad came up to me and said, “Son, I did it. I beat it. I’m clean!” I didn’t exactly greet him with open arms. Too much anger. Too much resentment. But after a while, admiration replaced anger, respect replaced resentment, and a priceless lesson replaced the pain. I have spoken and written about this lesson on numerous occasions.
No matter what happens or what mistakes you make, be it a bad grade, a bad interview, a bad relationship, or just bad decisions. If my father came back from that, then I know he can come back from anything.
56. How does the writer organize Paragraph 1?
A. By reasoning.    B. By describing.
C. By comparing.      D. By quoting.
57. According to the passage, in his childhood, the writer ______.
A. considered his father to be a bad guy
B. had much respect for his father
C. didn’t know that his parents divorced
D. was influenced by his brothers and sisters
58. From Paragraph 3 we know that ______.
A. the writer’s parents divorced due to his father’s drug addiction
B. the writer’s father often cheats his children
C. the writer was badly hurt mainly because of his parents’ divorce
D. the writer was shocked by his father’s action
59. What does the writer mean by saying “we all won” in Paragraph 4?
A. His father battled drugs successfully and his children forgave him.
B. His father recovered from taking drugs and his son wrote lots of books.
C. His father gave up all the bad habits and his children made progress.
D. His parents came together again and their children got along well.
B难度:中
Traveling in a flying car may sound like a magical childhood fantasy. But this week, a British adventurer will set off from London on an incredible journey through Europe and Africa in a car that travels by road and air.
With the help of a parachute (降落伞) and a giant fan-motor, Neil Laughton plans to fly over the Pyrenees near Andorra, before taking to the skies again to jump across the 9-mile Straits of Gibraltar. Neil Laughton then aims to fly over the Atlas Mountains in Morocco, above the Sahara desert and, well, wherever else there is no road.
This flying machine is based on proven technology. Designed by a 29-year-old British inventor, the Skycar enables its driver to fly the vehicle at the mere touch of a button. The team behind it calls the Skycar the world’s first road legal biofuelled flying car. With the help of sponsors (赞助商), the team has spent about ?250,000 developing the vehicle.
Mr Laughton’s destination is the west African country of Mali and its city of Timbuktu, a place also known as “the middle of nowhere”, because of its extreme desert environment. The 42-day journey of 4,000 miles will pass through France, Spain and Morocco, heading into the Sahara by way of Mauritania and Mali, before returning home via Senegal. He had also hoped to fly across the English Channel, but that plan was forbidden by civil aviation officials.
Laughton has been dreaming of creating a flying car since childhood. “The inspiration came from realizing we can drive and we can fly, so why can’t we do both? The problem all along has been the wing technology, which we think we’ve solved with the Skycar,” he said. As he prepares to set off from central London on Wednesday morning, Mr Laughton is optimistic that the Skycar’s first voyage will go smoothly.
What the camel caravans (旅行队) of the Sahara will think of the flying machine is anybody’s guess.
60. What’s the best title for this passage?
A. The world’s first biofuelled flying car.
B. Neil Laughton, a brave adventurer.
C. Neil Laughton’s dream since his childhood.
D. Traveling from London to Timbuktu.
61. According to Paragraph 2, Neil Laughton’s trip can be best described as ______.
A. interesting   B. challenging   C. unrealistic   D. meaningless
62. What makes Neil Laughton’s trip possible?
A. His adaptability to bad environments.
B. His excellent skills at driving cars.
C. The reliable technology in the flying car.
D. The favorable weather conditions.
63. What does the underlined part “the middle of nowhere” in Paragraph 4 refer to about Timbuktu?
A. Its importance. B. Its mystery.   C. Its attractiveness. D. Its remoteness.
C难度:难
Who’s smarter, men or women? It has become a serious policy issue for US colleges and students.
 After 17 years of effort to raise the academic achievement of girls, the nation can say proudly that female students have progressed greatly. Women now outnumber (超过) men applying to and graduating from college. As a result, the US Commission on Civil Rights is examining whether colleges are engaging in widespread discrimination against women in an effort to balance their male and female populations.
 Consider some of the numbers at leading schools: At Vassar College, a formerly all-women’s college, more than two-thirds of the applicants last year were women. Pomona College accepted 21% of male applicants this year, but only 13% of female applicants. At Virginia’s College of William & Mary, 7,652 women applied for this year’s class, compared with 4,457 male applicants.
 In recent years, several college leaders have admitted that their institutions encourage male applicants to maintain gender (性别) balance on campus. Most students of either sex prefer such balance. Commission documents on the inquiry suggest that colleges could find more ways of balancing their student numbers, perhaps by offering programs and activities that attract men.
 The problem we’d like the Commission on Civil Rights to investigate is: What’s happening with the education of US boys? Why are so few of them applying to and graduating from college? Some say that boys are more active and thus less able to sit still for long periods — and as a result, more likely to be categorized as needing special education. A 2008 study suggested boys might do better if they were taught language arts in different ways. Race is a factor as well. The gender gap is starker among African American and Latino students.
 There may be no reason or solution. But figuring out ways to help boys achieve in school is a better response to the gender gap than making it easier for them to get into college later.
64. From Paragraph 2 we can conclude that ________.
A. women have proved to be smarter than men
B. female students are discriminated against in many US colleges
C. government’s efforts contributed to the progress of female students
D. male students in US colleges will become even fewer in the future
65. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Vassar College is a formerly all-women’s college.
B. Most female students are against universities accepting more males.
C. Some colleges have taken measures to maintain gender balance.
D. More females than males applied to Pomona College this year.
66. The underlined word “starker” in Paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to “________”.
A. more serious  B. more special  C. more important D. more complete
67. It may be a better method to solve the problem of gender gap by ________.
A. helping girls get higher marks at school
B. making it easier for boys to enter college
C. restricting girls from entering college
D. helping boys improve their performance at school
D难度:中
Two mysteries surround a huge group of sea lions that were hanging out on a pier (码头) in San Francisco Bay: Why did so many show up, and why did so many leave at once?
In December, 2009, Pier 39, famous in San Francisco for its sea lions and the crowds of tourists they attract, was groaning (呻吟) under the weight of more than 1,500 of the animals. The record number delighted tourists and confused experts.
During the cold winter months, many animals move from colder areas to warmer areas. Experts suspect these sea lions did so for a different reason. “Most likely, they left for a food source,” said Jeff Boehm, executive director of the Marine Mammal Center in Sausalito, which runs an information center and gift shop at Pier 39. “It’s probably what kept them here in the first place.”
The animals began leaving in groups the day after Thanksgiving, almost as if someone had issued an order. But Boehm said the fact that so many sea lions stayed for so long is even stranger than their disappearance.
“They do move off,” Boehm said, adding that in the fall, older sea lions head to breeding (繁殖) areas in the Channel Islands, off the coast of Southern California. Younger sea lions don’t follow those rules and tend to travel far and wide, he said.
On Tuesday, 10 sea lions swam and spread themselves out where the animals gathered just a month ago. They probably followed their favorite foods, Boehm said.
The younger ones still sticking around Pier 39 were enough to satisfy visitors who gathered closely against the wind to watch them. “We’re happy with what we see,” many visitors said.
Despite the sea lions’ sudden disappearance, Boehm said he is not concerned that they have left for ever. While more than the usual number have left — usually about 40 remain — it is very unlikely that they won’t come back, Boehm said. By spring they will be back as usual, he said.
68. What is Pier 39 according to the passage?
A. A gift shop on the seaside.
B. An animal research center.
C. A hotel built on the seaside.
D. A popular tourist attraction.
69. Sea lions come and stay in San Francisco Bay probably for the purpose of     .
A. escaping the cold      B. hunting for food
C. traveling far and wide    D. breeding the young
70. Which of the following statements may the author agree with?
  A. The sea lions’ sudden disappearance disappointed the tourists.
  B. Young sea lions followed the old ones and left the pier.
  C. Tourists like younger sea lions better than older ones.
  D. Experts didn’t know why so many sea lions stayed at Pier 39.
71. From Boehm’s words we can learn that __________.
A. tourists are not allowed to disturb the sea lions
B. he mainly collects information about sea lions from tourists
C. he thinks the sea lions will come back again
D. he is worried about the sea lions’ sudden disappearance
72. It is common for tourists to see     .
A. some sea lions remaining in San Francisco Bay in the cold winter
B. many sea lions remaining in San Francisco Bay for a long time
C. sea lions suddenly leaving San Francisco Bay in groups
D. older and younger sea lions heading to breeding areas together
E难度:中
Harpers Ferry is a small town in West Virginia. It is in a beautiful area of the Blue Ridge Mountains where the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers come together. Also, the states of West Virginia, Virginia and Maryland meet in the area. The town has shops, restaurants and a National Historical Park. Many people visit Harpers Ferry to see a town that looks the same as it did more than 150 years ago. In 2009 it celebrated the anniversary of an important historical event.
The town was very different in 1859. Harpers Ferry was a noisy, dirty, polluted industrial city in what was then Virginia, the largest slave state in America. It was also home to the United States Armory (兵工厂), one of only two in the country. Weapons (武器) for the army were made and stored there.
John Brown was an important person in the history of Harpers Ferry. He wanted to end slavery in the United States. On October 16, 1859, John Brown led an armed group of 21 men into Harpers Ferry. Their goal was to seize the federal Armory and use the weapons to arm an anti-slavery rebellion (叛乱). They wanted to set up a government for the United States where slavery would be banned.
John Brown and his men seized the Armory and its 100,000 weapons. They also seized the nearby arms factory and a railroad bridge. A battle followed, first involving local armed groups and then the United States army. 18 people were killed. After 36 hours, John Brown was caught in the building that served as the fire engine and guard house. It is the only armory building still standing. It is now known as John Brown’s Fort. This building has different meanings to different people. John Brown was found guilty of rebellion and murder. He was killed on December 2, 1859.
73. What do we know about Harpers Ferry from the passage?
  A. It is in the west of the Blue Ridge Mountains.
  B. It is mainly famous for its shops and restaurants.
  C. Many rivers run through this place.
  D. It has a history of more than 150 years.
74. John Brown led a rebellion in 1859 mainly to     .
  A. get weapons       B. free slaves
  C. seize Harpers Ferry   D. set up an armory
75. In the battle at Harpers Ferry in 1859,     .
  A. John Brown killed himself
  B. a new government was founded
  C. John Brown and his men killed 18 people
  D. the American army defeated John Brown
第二卷 (共35分)
第四部分 写作 (共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
My uncle was an instructor of college biology. When
I was young he was used to take me to the biology 76. _________
lab, when I saw pigs, cats and other animals. My uncle 77. _________
also influenced me through nature walks. He often took 78. _________
me for a walk in the backyard. We will catch frogs and 79. _________
snakes and find fireflies in the sky. He seemed know 80. _________
everything about wildlife. 18 years late, thinking about 81. _________
my uncle and his influence on our life, I am grateful that 82. _________
I got the chance to learn all I could for him. He helped 83. _________
me developed an interest in all things that were alive 84. _________
and taught me to look at what was really around me. 85. _________
第二节 书面表达 (满分25分)
许多学校在高三的学生临近高考前,都要进行高考誓师动员会,因为学校认为这对促进学生学习有利,但是一些教育专家也提出质疑。为此你班进行了一次讨论。请根据下表,客观地介绍讨论情况,并简要阐述你的观点。
大部分支持者 这种誓师会能让学生意识到时间的紧迫,能振奋学生的精神,进而促进他们的学习。
少部分反对者 临近高考阶段学生最需要的是冷静和自信,这种誓师会气氛太沉重,只会给学生造成过重的心理压力。
你的观点 ……
注意:1. 词数:120左右;
   2. 可适当发挥,以使行文连贯;
3. 单词提示:誓师会pledge conference n. [C]。

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