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我来自山清水秀,人杰地灵的湖南,从事英语家教教学,追求卓越人生,真情待人,热心助人,欢迎八方来客光临!

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2010年中考英语语法总复习之常见习惯用语  

2010-09-19 15:07:23|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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2010年中考英语语法总复习之常见习惯用语

[误] - Your handwriting is very good!?
  - No, my handwriting is very poor? ?

  [正] - Your handwriting is very good!?
  - Thank you? ?

  [析] 中国人遇到别人称赞,总是以谦逊为美德。但英美人则往往认为自信是美德。所以当别人夸奖你或赞美你时,就应说: Thank you?
又比如中国人见面时常讲 Where are you going? 或 Have you had your breakfast
yet?而英美人则认为你过多的干预别人的私生活了。而他们见面时往往问一些无关紧要的话,如: Hello! How are you going? (你过得怎样)
Morning! 等。而 good morning? 和 How do you do? 则被认为是较正规的问候语,在日常生活中则十分少见。?

  [误] When you have had dinner with an American friend and want to leave you may
say: "Excuse me? I'll go first?" ?

  [正] When you have had dinner with an American friend and want to leave you may
say: "Excuse me? I have to go?" ?

  [析] 这两句答语都是正确的,其关键不是语法,而是习惯问题。如果在这样的场合你讲 I'll go first? 朋友们会迷惑不解,而 I have to
go? 则表示由于外界的特殊原因而造成的你要离去,而你本人则十分不愿做此事。?

  [误] - Would you like to come to dinner tonight??
  - I'd like to, and I'm too busy? ?

  [正] - Would you like to come to dinner tonight??
  - I'd like to, but I'm too busy? ?

  [析] I'm too busy? 与 I'd like to?
在意义上正好相反。所以要用转折连词。这里考查了对词义合乎逻辑的表达能力。所以要强调语言环境,更要强调在语言的基础上的词语辨析。?

  [误] - Where's Deter??
  - Deter will come with us tonight but he isn't very sure yet? ?

  [正] - Where's Deter??
  - Deter may come with us tonight but he isn't very sure yet? ?

  [析] 由于 but 所引出的句子可以看出 Deter 的来与不来是十分不确定的,所以应用 may 来表达一个不肯定的事件。?

  [误] - Hi, haven't seen you for ages! You look fine!?
  - Great? You look well too? ?

  [正] - Hi, haven't seen you for ages! You look fine!?
  - Thanks? You look well too? ?

  [析] 要注意的是 Great 在口语中多表示惊叹,而 Thanks
则表示感谢对方的称赞。所以对情景谈话要有准确的判定,要根据情景,身临其境,上下对照,周密思考,弄清场合,注意英美人的风俗习惯,注重语义上的词语辨析,并要进行大量的语言实践练习,扩大实际交际能力。

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