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定语从句讲解(牛津英语八年级下Chapter6同步讲练)  

2011-05-31 14:50:24|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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      定语从句是复合句的一种,它作定语修饰名词或代词,放在被它修饰的名词或代词后面。定语从句用关系代词引导(也叫连接词),其前的名词叫先行词,牛津英语主要学习由who,that,which引导的定语从句。

一、定语从句构成基本原则

      This  is  a  girl. The girl won  the prize.

    = This is a girl who won  the prize.

二、 定语从句关系代词用法

    1 先行词是人时,用who或that,先行词是物时,用which或that,也就是说不管相形词是人还是物that都可通用。看来that这家伙很活跃、很霸道,which就老实多了,只能用在物后面。

    (1)Do you  know the girl who/that is playing under the tree?

     (2)  Give me the ruler which/that is on the desk.

三、 “霸道”的that专用一一数(共5种情况)

    1 先行词为all,some,any,something,anything,nothing,few,little,much等代词修饰时

    2  先行词被the only,the last, the very, the same 修饰时

    3 先行词被序数词,形容词最高级修饰时

    4 先行词既有人又有物时

    5 主语有who/which,为避免重复时

   (巧记:1--3归纳为:先行词中有修饰,千万不能用which )

四、巩固理解练习

 1 The boy _____ broken the window is called Qian Long.

 2 The girl_____ often helps me with my English is from Hunan.

 3 The man _____ gave us a talk is a scientist.

 4 Qian Long likes music ____ is quiet and gentle.

 5 The pen ____ he is writing with is mine.

 6 This is the book ____ he bought yesterday.

 7 There is something ____ you can buy in this shop.

 8 All ____ you must do is to read it every morming.

 9 The only thing ____ we can do it is to write.

 10 This is the same MP5 ____ I lost.

 11 This is the funnest film ___ I have ever seen.

12 Qian Long was the first student ___ passed the exam.

13 I talk about the teachers and school ___ I have visited.

14 He saw the vegetables and fruit ___ filled the fridge.

15 Who is the girl ___ is playing the piano?

16 Which is the dress ___ fits me ?

 答案:1--3 who/that  4--6 which/that 7--8 that 9--10 that 11--12 that 13--14 that  15--16 that

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