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定语从句浅谈  

2012-02-19 11:43:53|  分类: 英语题型 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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 定语从句

      (   )  1. My grandparents like to live in a house      is not very big but bright and comfortable.

(2011广西南宁)

                        A. that             B. who           C. what       D. whose     

(   )  2. The photos successfully show the rich culture      makes Beijing so famous.                                       

                                                                                      (2011浙江衢州)

                        A. what            B. which          C. who       D. why  

(   )  3. I’m going to start a club to help students      are not interested in schoolwork.                                   

                                                                                       (2011四川内江)

                             A. whose         B. who             C. whom

(   )  4. — Is there anyone here      name is Betty?

— Sorry, I don’t know.                       

                                                                                 (2011内蒙古呼和浩特)

                           A. who            B. which          C. whom      D. whose

(   )  5. I’ll never forget the day      the great scientist came to our school and gave us a speech.                               (2011山东菏泽)

                     A. that                 B. which         C. when       D. where 

【梳理】

在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫做定语从句。

◆关系代词which和that引导定语从句时,用于指物,在从句中作主语或宾语,作宾语时可以省略。如:

This is my beautiful school which / that is near the large library.

The book (that / which) she bought is very interesting.

◆关系代词who, whom, that引导定语从句时,用于指人,其中who和that在从句中作主语或宾语,而whom 在从句中只作宾语。如:

The students (whom / who / that) we met last week were excellent.

◆关系代词whose引导定语从句时,在从句中作定语,先行词是人或物。如:

I like the teacher whose classes are very interesting and creative.

◆关系副词where引导定语从句时,在从句中作地点状语,不能省略,其先行词常为表示地点的名词,如home, place, room, school, town, village等。

◆关系副词when引导定语从句时,在从句中作时间状语,不能省略,其先行词常为表示时间的名词,如day, time, week, year等。

◆关系副词why引导定语从句时,在从句中作原因状语,不能省略,其先行词常是reason。

 

Keys:

1-5 ABBDC     

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